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Romanians, Hungarians and their wages, in transition, in Romania
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business. (nationalekonomi)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4570-7504
2012 (English)In: Economic Modelling, ISSN 0264-9993, E-ISSN 1873-6122, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 2673-2685Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Legally binding treaties or memorandums have been used over time to regulate the issue of national borders of many European countries. As a result, relatively large groups of people have become ethnic minorities in other countries. They may conserve their ethnic identities, and therefore their children may accumulate ethnic human capital (e.g., language, culture, and religion) in addition to the general human capital of the country. Therefore, they can get access to an appropriate occupation linked by tradition or other factors to their ethnic group. This paper uses estimates from a selection model with an endogenous switch among three broad types of occupational groups to analyze the composition of the wage gap between Romanians and ethnic Hungarians in Romania before and during the transition from a planned to a market economy. The results suggest that the institutional settings of the controlled economy allowed Romanians to work in occupations that gave them the best returns, while the changes during the transition years allowed ethnic Hungarians to work in occupations that gave them the best returns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 29, no 6, p. 2673-2685
Keywords [en]
Ethnic wage gap, Occupation, Selection model with an endogenous switch, Wage gap decomposition
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26079DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2012.08.009ISI: 000311184700061Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84866511742OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-26079DiVA, id: diva2:557997
Available from: 2012-10-01 Created: 2012-10-01 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Andrén, Daniela

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf