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Drug treatment in Swedish prisons: moving towards evidence-based interventions?
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.
2012 (English)In: Nordic studies on alcohol and drugs, ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 561-574Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: This article reviews the development in Sweden of prison-based drug treatment (PBDT) from the 1970s to the present situation.

Data: The data consists of committee reports, white papers, research reports and interviews with two senior managers from the Swedish Prison and Probation Services (SPPS).

Results: The 1970s and 1980s trials with milieu therapy in prisons were followed by the introduction of cognitive programmes in the 1990s. Due to the growing number of prisoners with drug problems, the Prison Anti-Drug Effort increased the number of places and programmes for drug treatment in prisons. As of 2000, the scientific evaluation of all prison-based drug treatment has been strongly emphasised. Drug control has increased since 2004, and the very concept of PBDT is now approached rather more rigorously and scientifically.

Conclusion: The SPPS programme evaluations are scientifically formed, but changes in practice are slow to emerge. The SPPS runs a more restricted policy compared to treatment outside, which leads to some evidence-based treatment methods being rejected. Also, PBDT is somewhat under threat by changes in the prisons' internal organisation with growing specialisation in different wings, as well as by the poor financial situation of the SPPS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Walter de Gruyter, 2012. Vol. 29, no 6, p. 561-574
Keywords [en]
Prison, drugs, treatment, programme, teatment wings, control, evaluation
National Category
Social Sciences Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-26679DOI: 10.2478/v10199-012-0047-2ISI: 000318419800003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84873653985OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-26679DiVA, id: diva2:577979
Available from: 2012-12-17 Created: 2012-12-17 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Nylander, Per ÅkeHolm, ClaesJukic, ElmaLindberg, Odd

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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