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Tuberculosis in asia and the pacific: the role of socioeconomic status and health system development
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Preventive Medicine, ISSN 2008-7802, E-ISSN 2008-8213, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 8-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To identify the relationship between socioeconomic status, health system development and the incidence, prevalence and mortality of tuberculosis in Asia and the Pacific.

METHODS: Incidence, prevalence and mortality rates of tuberculosis and 20 variables of socioeconomic, health system and biological-behavioral issues were included in the study involving all 46 countries of the Asian Development Bank region (2007 data). Both univariate and multivariate linear regressions were used.

RESULTS: The worst three tuberculosis affected countries were Cambodia, India and Indonesia, while the least affected was Australia. Tuberculosis incidence, prevalence and mortality rate were higher in countries with lower human development index, corruption perception index, gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and countries with more people under minimum food supplements. Among the health system variables, total health expenditure per capita, governmental health expenditure per capita, hospital beds, and access to improved water and sanitation were strongly associated with tuberculosis.

CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic determinants and health system development have significant effect on the control of tuberculosis in Asia and the Pacific region. The study has some policy implications by means of lowering the corruption and improving the sanitation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 3, no 1, p. 8-16
Keywords [en]
Asia and the Pacific, health system development, socioeconomic status, tuberculosis
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Public health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-27296PubMedID: 22355472OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-27296DiVA, id: diva2:603113
Available from: 2013-02-05 Created: 2013-02-05 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Dalal, Koustuv

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