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Impulsivity, irresponsibility, alcohol and substance use differ between “unsuccessful” and “successful” individuals with high levels of psychopathic personality traits
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Impulsivitet, ansvarslöshet, alkohol- och droganvändning skiljer mellan "misslyckade" och "lyckade" individer med höga nivåer av psykopatiska personlighetsdrag (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate what distinguishes psychopaths who commit crimes ("unsuccessful"), and psychopaths who do not commit crimes ("successful"). Most previous research has focused on neurobiological risk factors, while social and psychosocial factors have been studied to a lesser extent. Participants were drawn from the Swedish population-based RESUMÉ-study (Retrospective Study of Young People's Experiences). In total, 2500 individuals between the ages 20-24 (mean age=22.15, SD=1.38, 52.6% female and 47.4% male) participated in the study. Results showed that the “unsuccessful” psychopathy group was consuming larger amounts of alcohol and substances as well as scoring higher on the psychopathy dimension behavior (irresponsible/impulsive) than the "successful" group. In conclusion, these differences might partly explain why “unsuccessful” psychopaths commit crimes while “successful” psychopaths do not.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vad som skiljer mellan psykopater som begår brott ("misslyckade"), och psykopater som inte begår brott ("lyckade"). Större delen av den tidigare forskningen har fokuserat på neurobiologiska riskfaktorer, medan sociala och psykosociala faktorer har studerats i mindre utsträckning. Deltagarna kom från den svenska populationsbaserade RESUMÉ-studien (REtrospektiv Studie av Unga Människors Erfarenheter). Totalt deltog 2500 individer i åldrarna 20-24 år (medelålder=22.15, SD=1.38, 52.6% kvinnor och 47.4% män) i studien. Resultaten visade att den "misslyckade" psykopatigruppen konsumerar större mängder alkohol och substanser samt uppvisar högre nivåer av psykopatidimensionen beteende (oansvarig/impulsiv) än den "lyckade" psykopatigruppen. Sammanfattningsvis kan dessa skillnader delvis förklara varför "misslyckade" psykopater begår brott medan "lyckade" psykopater inte gör det.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 28 p.
Keyword [en]
Psychopathy, successful, unsuccessful, crime
Keyword [sv]
Psykopati, lyckade, misslyckade, brott
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-27477OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-27477DiVA: diva2:604009
Subject / course
Audiology
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-04-26 Created: 2013-02-07 Last updated: 2015-08-11Bibliographically approved

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Impulsivity, irresponsibility, alcohol and substance use differ between “unsuccessful” and “successful” individuals(265 kB)510 downloads
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School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden
Social Sciences

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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