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The association between medical conditions and gender, well-being, psychosomatic complaints as well as school adaptability
Primary Care Research Unit, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medicine, Örebro University, Sweden. Primary Care Research Unit, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
Division of Public Health, Karlstad University, Karlstad, Sweden.
2013 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 102, no 5, p. 550-555Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: The aim was to assess the association between medical conditions and gender, well-being, psychosomatic complaints and school adaptability. The second aim was to determine whether self-reported medical conditions should be included in class-room questionnaires that deal with well-being and risk behaviour.

Methods: A cross-sectional class-room questionnaire was given to all 15- to 16-year-olds within a Swedish county. The questionnaire included background factors, subjective health, well-being, psychosomatic complaints, self image, drug use and also several themes from the school context. In addition, there were 13 medical conditions/problems to tick (yes or no) and an open alternative for other problems/medical conditions.

Results: 3108 questionnaires (response rate 84%) were analysed. The majority of the girls and the boys reported no medical conditions; however, 49% of the girls and 39% of the boys reported at least one medical condition. The medical conditions were associated with gender, well-being, psychosomatic complaints and school adaptability. The association was stronger for girls than for boys.

Conclusion: Medical conditions among these teenagers were associated with gender, well-being, psychosomatic complaints and school adaptability, particularly for girls. Our results suggest that medical conditions could preferably be included in regular classroom questionnaires.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, USA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. Vol. 102, no 5, p. 550-555
Keywords [en]
Adolescence, chronic disease, disability, gender differences, mental health
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Pediatrics
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29042DOI: 10.1111/apa.12174ISI: 000317361400033PubMedID: 23398348Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84876127085OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-29042DiVA, id: diva2:621888
Available from: 2013-05-17 Created: 2013-05-17 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Hasselgren, MikaelJanson, Staffan

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