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Fysisk aktivitet hos kvinnor med bröstcancer som genomgår adjuvant cytostatikabehandling: Physical activity in women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Forskning har visat att fysisk aktivitet ger en bättre prognos för kvinnor som drabbats av bröstcancer. Den beskrivs också ha betydelse för symtomlindring vid cytostatikarelaterade biverkningar, vilket i sin tur leder till ökad livskvalité hos dessa kvinnor. Det har även framkommit i studier att det råder brister inom sjukvården vad gäller att förmedla sådan information. Som ett första steg behövs en kartläggning av den fysiska aktiviteten hos kvinnor med bröstcancer, deras aktivitetsvanor och vilken betydelse fysisk aktivitet har för dem under pågående cytostatikabehandling. Denna studie genomfördes som en tvärsnittstudie med syftet att beskriva fysisk aktivitet hos kvinnor med bröstcancer som genomgår adjuvant cytostatikabehandling. 30 kvinnor som genomgick adjuvant cytostatikabehandling vid den onkologiska behandlingsenheten vid Universitetssjukhuset i Örebro (USÖ) besvarade en enkät med frågor om fysisk aktivitet. Enkäten bestod av både öppna och slutna frågor. Datamaterialet har analyserats med deskriptiv statistik. Den avslutande öppna frågan analyserades med modifierad manifest innehållsanalys. Resultatet visade att kvinnorna i lika hög grad var fysiskt aktiva före som under cytostatikabehandlingarna. Skälen som kvinnorna uppgav till att vara fysiskt aktiva var att de kände sig mindre trötta och att den kunde skingra tankarna. Många kvinnor upplevde att de mådde psykiskt bättre av fysisk aktivitet och att det gick lättare att återhämta sig mellan behandlingarna. Den aktivitetsform som främst utfördes var promenader. Ett flertal kvinnor hade fått information av vårdpersonal gällande fysisk aktivitet i samband med cytostatikabehandling men mindre än hälften av dessa kvinnor följdes upp under behandlingsperioden. Informationen gavs främst av sjuksköterskor och läkare.

Abstract [en]

Research has shown that physical activity improves survival for women diagnosed with breast cancer. Studies have also described that physical activity is a matter of importance for alleviating common side effects from chemotherapy which thereby increases the quality of life for these women. It has also emerged that there is insufficient information on this topic. As a first step, it is necessary to do a survey of the physical activity in women with breast cancer, their activity experiences and what importance physical activity play for them during adjuvant chemotherapy. This work was a cross-sectional study based on questionnaires. The purpose of this study was to describe physical activity in women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. 30 women who received adjuvant chemotherapy at the medical treatment unit for oncology at Örebro University Hospital (USÖ) answered the questionnaire. The questionnaire contained both closed and open-ended questions. The data was analysed with descriptive statistics. The final open-ended questions were analysed with a modified manifest content analysis. The result showed that the women had the same activity level before as during the treatment period. The reasons for the women to be physically active were to decrease fatigue and to divert their minds. The majority of the women experienced feeling psychologically better and experienced better recovery between chemotherapy treatments. Walking was the most frequently used activity. The majority of the women received information about physical activity, but less than half of the women were followed-up. This information was primarily given by nurses and doctors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Keyword [en]
Breast neoplasm, chemotherapy, information, physical activity
Keyword [sv]
Bröstcancer, cytostatikabehandling, fysisk aktivitet, information
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-29667OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-29667DiVA: diva2:631351
Subject / course
Omvårdnadsvetenskap
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-07-12 Created: 2013-06-20 Last updated: 2013-07-12Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Fysisk aktivitet hos kvinnor med bröstcancer som genomgår adjuvant cytostatikabehandling(498 kB)77 downloads
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School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden
Medical and Health SciencesNursing

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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