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Nutritional status, gender and marital status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1991-1555
Antwerp University Hospital, Antwerp, Belgium.
Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9209-5179
2013 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 22, no 19-20, p. 2822-2829Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare nutritional status, pulmonary function, gender and marital status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a chronic illness that can lead to poor nutritional status due to an increased energy requirements related to laboured breathing. Inadequate nutritional intake has often been described in this patient group. Nutritional support for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who suffer from nutritional problems is essential, both for their sense of well-being and for their survival with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

DESIGN: The study design was descriptive and comparative.

METHODS: Quantitative data collection was carried out among 81 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (47 women and 34 men) with an average age of 65 years (SD 3·5). The Mini Nutritional Assessment was used to assess nutritional status.

RESULTS: Participants who lived alone had worse nutritional status than those who did not live alone, and female participants had worse nutritional status than their male counterparts. No significant correlation was found between pulmonary function and nutritional status.

CONCLUSIONS: This study contributes knowledge of a potential correlation between nutritional status, gender and marital status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Women with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease may be at an increased risk of malnutrition. Despite the previous results showing malnutrition and underweight to be common, the present study found that many of the participants were overweight, which may reflect a global health trend regardless of disease.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Early identification of patients at risk of malnutrition is important. Registered nurses should be aware that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who are female or who live alone may be at an increased risk of nutritional problems. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease must be offered information and support for individually adapted measures at an early stage in order to avoid nutritional problems, regardless of under- and overweight.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 22, no 19-20, p. 2822-2829
Keywords [en]
Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), gender, malnutrition, marital status, nursing
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-30280DOI: 10.1111/jocn.12222ISI: 000323901600017PubMedID: 23675677Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84883559478OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-30280DiVA, id: diva2:642435
Available from: 2013-08-21 Created: 2013-08-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Odencrants, SigridBlomberg, Karin

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