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Chironomid midge sensitization in sewage workers: case study
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
Study Consultancy Inc., Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Medicine, Örebro University, Sweden. Department of Clinical Microbiology, Örebro University Hospital, Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
2013 (English)In: Medical and Veterinary Entomology, ISSN 0269-283X, E-ISSN 1365-2915, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 346-348Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Non-biting chironomid midges (Diptera: Chironomidae) may cause sensitization and allergic reactions in humans and have recently been identified as a potential health problem in Swedish municipal sewage treatment plants. To investigate, on a pilot scale, the allergenic potential of chironomids in sewage workers, all workers (n = 8) at a sewage treatment plant and local controls (n = 16) completed a symptom questionnaire, underwent measurement of the fraction of nitric oxide in exhaled air, spirometry, and provided serum samples for the determination of atopy status and the prevalence of specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies against Chironomus thummi (Chi t) using a commercial fluorescence enzyme immunoassay (FEIA). Three sewage workers (38%) but no controls (0%) were FEIA positive for C. thummi-specific IgE antibodies (P < 0.05). No other health-related findings were significantly different between the groups. The study suggested that occupational exposure to Chironomids may cause sensitization with circulating IgE-antibodies in sewage workers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, USA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. Vol. 27, no 3, p. 346-348
Keywords [en]
Chironomus thummi, fluorescence enzyme immunoassay, IgE, sensitization, sewage treatment, sewage workers
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Veterinary Science
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-30725DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2915.2012.01058.xISI: 000322992400012PubMedID: 23734859Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84881611985OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-30725DiVA, id: diva2:646084
Available from: 2013-09-06 Created: 2013-09-06 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved

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Hultgren, Olof

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