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Eating disorders and anabolic androgenic steroids in males: similarities and differences in self-image and psychiatric symptoms
Dept Clin Neurosci, Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital.
2013 (English)In: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, ISSN 1747-597X, E-ISSN 1747-597X, Vol. 8, no 30, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Body dissatisfaction is common among both females and males. Dissatisfaction with the body is a risk factor both for onset of eating disorders and for abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). Few studies have however investigated if there are other similarities in respect to self-image or psychiatric symptoms between clinical samples of eating disordered males and males in treatment for negative effects of AAS use.

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare two clinical samples, one of males with ED and one of males who used AAS, regarding self-image and psychiatric symptoms.

Methods: This study compared males with eating disorders (n = 13) and males who recently stopped AAS use (n = 29) on self-image and psychiatric symptoms, using The Structural Analysis of Social Behavior self-questionnaire and a shortened version of The Symptom Check List.

Results: The eating disorder group reported significantly lower scores for Self-emancipation and Active self-love and higher scores for Self-blame and Self-hate. Both groups reported serious psychiatric symptoms. The common denominator between groups was serious psychiatric symptomatology rather than negative self-image.

Conclusions: The negative self-image profile, especially self-hate, found among males with Eating Disorders may indicate that the studied groups differ in aetiology of the underlying problems. The serious psychiatric symptoms in both groups call staff to pay attention to any thoughts of suicide due to severe depressive symptoms where by specialized psychiatric treatment may be needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 8, no 30, p. 1-7
Keywords [en]
Male eating disorders, Anabolic androgenic steroids, Self-image, Psychiatric symptoms
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-30787DOI: 10.1186/1747-597X-8-30ISI: 000323320200001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-30787DiVA, id: diva2:648054
Available from: 2013-09-13 Created: 2013-09-13 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved

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Björk, TabitaSkårberg, KurtEngström, Ingemar

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