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Effects of a computerized decision support system on care planning for pressure ulcers and malnutrition in nursing homes: an intervention study
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7210-1925
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2013 (English)In: International Journal of Medical Informatics, ISSN 1386-5056, E-ISSN 1872-8243, Vol. 82, no 10, p. 911-921Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Nursing documentation is essential for facilitating the flow of information to guarantee continuity, quality and safety in care. High-quality nursing documentation is frequently lacking; the implementation of computerized decision support systems is expected to improve clinical practice and nursing documentation.

Aim: The present study aimed at investigate the effects of a computerized decision support system and an educational program as intervention strategies for improved nursing documentation practice on pressure ulcers and malnutrition in nursing homes.

Design, setting and participants: An intervention study with two intervention groups and one control group was used. Fifteen nursing homes in southern Norway were included. A convenience sample of electronic healthcare records from 46 units was included. Inclusion criteria were records with presence of pressure ulcers and/or malnutrition. The residents were assessed before and after an intervention of a computerized decision support system in the electronic healthcare records. Data were collected through a review of 150 records before (2007) and 141 records after the intervention (2009).

Methods: The nurses in intervention group 1 were offered educational sessions and were trained to use the computerized decision support system, which they used for eight months in 2008 and 2009. The nurses in intervention group 2 were offered the same educational program but did not use the computerized decision support system. The nurses in the control group were not subject to any intervention. The resident records were examined for the completeness and comprehensiveness of the documentation of pressure ulcers and malnutrition with three data collection forms and the data were analyzed with non-parametric statistics.

Results: The implementation of the computerized decision support system and the educational program resulted in a more complete and comprehensive documentation of pressure ulcer- and malnutrition-related nursing assessments and nursing interventions.

Conclusion: This study provides evidence that the computerized decision support system and an educational program as implementation strategies had a positive influence on nursing documentation practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 82, no 10, p. 911-921
Keywords [en]
Decision support system, Documentation, Intervention studies, Malnutrition, Nursing audit, Pressure ulcer
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Probability Theory and Statistics
Research subject
Caring sciences; Statistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-31983DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2013.05.009ISI: 000324312000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-31983DiVA, id: diva2:655813
Available from: 2013-10-14 Created: 2013-10-14 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Fossum, MariannEhnfors, MargaretaSvensson, ElisabethEhrenberg, Anna

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Fossum, MariannEhnfors, MargaretaSvensson, ElisabethEhrenberg, Anna
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School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, SwedenÖrebro University School of Business
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International Journal of Medical Informatics
Medical and Health SciencesProbability Theory and Statistics

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