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Directions of effects between adolescent psychopathic traits and parental behavior
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Developmental Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7188-3523
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Developmental Research)
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Developmental Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7009-5955
Vilnius University, Vilnius, Litauen.
2012 (English)In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, ISSN 0091-0627, E-ISSN 1573-2835, Vol. 40, no 6, p. 957-969Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 40, no 6, p. 957-969
Keywords [en]
psychopathic traits, adolescence, parental behavior, direction of effects, delinquency
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32210DOI: 10.1007/s10802-012-9623-xISI: 000305736300010PubMedID: 22427247Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84864375593OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-32210DiVA, id: diva2:660999
Available from: 2013-10-31 Created: 2013-10-31 Last updated: 2018-05-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. A developmental perspective on psychopathic traits in adolescence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A developmental perspective on psychopathic traits in adolescence
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

More than half of known crime is committed by 5-6% of the criminal population. Who are these people? Research has shown that it is likely that a majority of these individuals are characterized by having a psychopathic personality. Interestingly, research has shown that psychopathic features are not unique to adults. Youths with high levels of psychopathic traits resemble adult psychopaths in that they are the most frequent, severe and aggressive, delinquent offenders. There is less knowledge, however, about the development of these traits in adolescence, and many fundamental questions have yet to be addressed. The aim of this dissertation is to begin to examine a few of these questions, such as: a) the role of parents andtheir behavior in the development of psychopathic personality in adolescence; b) patterns of stability and change in psychopathic traits during adolescence; and c) whether or not subgroups of adolescents with high levels of psychopathic traits can be identified in a normative community sample. Overall, the results reveal that a psychopathic personality profile characterizes a small group of youths at particular risk of negative development. This group, as well as showing high levels of psychopathic traits throughout adolescence, report high levels of delinquent behavior, and also experience dysfunctional relationships with their parents. Further, the results reveal important subgroups of adolescents with high levels of psychopathic traits, much in accordance with the literature on adult psychopaths. Whereas one group expresses the personality style of primary psychopaths, another is more aggressive, impulsive, and anxious than the other. Taken together, the results of this dissertation suggest that some adolescents are at particular risk of future negative development. Implications for theory and practice, and for the directions of future research, are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2013. p. 68
Series
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 28
Keywords
psychopathic traits, adolescents, development, stability, change, parental behavior, subgroups, parenting
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-34881 (URN)978-91-7668-982-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-12-13, Hörsal 2, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 2, Örebro, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-05-26 Created: 2014-04-26 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Salihovic, SelmaKerr, MargaretÖzdemir, MetinPakalniskiene, Vilmante

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