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Hope and athlete burnout: Stress and affect as mediators
Karlstad university, Karlstad, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7456-2397
University of Utah, Salt Lake City UT, USA.
The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences (GIH), Stockholm, Sweden.
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2013 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 640-649Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: In this study we examined the relationship between trait hope and burnout in elite junior soccer players and whether stress and positive and negative affect mediated this relationship.

Methods: Participants were 238 Swedish soccer players (166 males, 71 females; one did not indicate gender) aged 15-19 years who completed questionnaires measuring trait hope, perceived stress, positive and negative affect, and athlete burnout (i.e., emotional/physical exhaustion, a reduced sense of accomplishment, and sport devaluation).

Results: Bivariate correlations were consistent with hope theory contentions indicating significant negative relationships between hope and all three burnout dimensions. The relationship between hope and emotional/physical exhaustion was fully mediated by stress and positive affect. For sport devaluation and reduced sense of accomplishment, stress and positive affect partially mediated the relationship with hope. In contrast, negative affect did not mediate the relationship between hope and any of the burnout dimensions.

Conclusion: The results support earlier findings that hope is negatively related to athlete burnout. Support was also found for the hypothesis that high hope individuals would experience less stress and therefore less burnout. Promoting hope may be relevant in reducing the likelihood of this detrimental syndrome. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 14, no 5, p. 640-649
Keywords [en]
Coaching, Elite athletes, Emotions, Overtraining, Stress management, Positive psychology, Youth sport
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-32051DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.03.008ISI: 000324454500006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-32051DiVA, id: diva2:662426
Note

Funding Agency: Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports

Available from: 2013-11-07 Created: 2013-10-18 Last updated: 2018-05-21Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, HenrikSkoog, Therése

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