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Peer networks and the development of illegal political behavior among adolescents
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0185-8805
2014 (English)In: Journal of research on adolescence, ISSN 1050-8392, E-ISSN 1532-7795, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 399-409Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined to what extent peer influence explains the development of illegal political behavior controlling for peer selection, legal political peer influence, and gender effects. Late adolescents who filled out questionnaires at two annual measurements were used in a longitudinal social network approach (N = 1006; Mage = 16.62). Results showed that peers’ involvement in illegal political behavior predicted adolescents’ increases in illegal political behavior. Adolescents did not select other peers with similar illegal political behavior. Nevertheless, adolescents selected peers with similar legal political behavior. Findings were discussed in light of a stage process where adolescents initially chose peers with similar legal political behavior. Subsequently, peers influence adolescents on both legal and illegal political behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, 2014. Vol. 24, no 2, p. 399-409
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-34031DOI: 10.1111/jora.12072ISI: 000337571500015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84901409973OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-34031DiVA, id: diva2:700161
Available from: 2014-03-03 Created: 2014-03-03 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Breaking the law: adolescents' involvement in illegal political activitiy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Breaking the law: adolescents' involvement in illegal political activitiy
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Illegal political activity has always been part of a democratic society. Despite this, not much is known about young people’s involvement in these political activities. Research portrays political influence attempts of this kind in different terms; as troublesome for the democratic political system, as expressions of conscious decisions vital for humanity’s future, and yet other times as illustrations of a coming-of-age rebellion. Overall there is a lack of collective knowledge on illegal political activity, and especially in adolescence – the age period when these political activities seem to peak.

The aim of this dissertation is therefore to enhance knowledge of involvement in illegal political activity in adolescence. This dissertation addresses this task in four empirical studies. Results show that mostly boys engage politically with illegal political means. Adolescents involved are also interested in politics, believe in their own abilities to take part in political activities, have long-term political goals, and approve of violent political tactics. In addition, these activities also seem to associate with a challenge of authority. This could be seen in how political dissatisfaction was translated into illegal political activity, and in the way these activities seemed to be reactions to a non legitimized parental authority. Besides authority challenges, these activities are likely the result of important peer relations; influences from peers with experiences of illegal political activity seem to be a most probable answer to why adolescents adopt these political means. Taken together, the results of this dissertation show that adolescents involved in illegal political activity are well-equipped for political involvement, challenge authorities in most contexts of their lives, and are likely to adopt these political means from already involved peers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro universitet, 2014. p. 101
Series
Örebro Studies in Political Science, ISSN 1650-1632 ; 34
Keywords
illegal political activity, adolescents, political socialization
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-33225 (URN)978-91-7529-004-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-03-14, Hörsal P2, Prismahuset, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-01-22 Created: 2014-01-22 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Dahl, ViktorVan Zalk, Maarten

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