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A New Measure to Assess Psychopathic Personality in Children: The Child Problematic Traits Inventory
Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat, Curium LUMC, Leiden Univ, Oegstgeest, Netherlands; Sch Law Psychol & SocialWork, Univ Örebro, Örebro, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8163-6558
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0590-8600
Fac Psicol, Dpto Psicol Clin & Psicobiol, Univ Santiago de Compostela, Santiago De Compostela, Spain.
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2014 (English)In: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, ISSN 0882-2689, E-ISSN 1573-3505, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 4-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Understanding the development of psychopathic personality from childhood to adulthood is crucial for understanding the development and stability of severe and long-lasting conduct problems and criminal behavior. This paper describes the development of a new teacher rated instrument to assess psychopathic personality from age three to 12, the Child Problematic Traits Inventory (CPTI). The reliability and validity of the CPTI was tested in a Swedish general population sample of 2,056 3- to 5-year-olds (mean age = 3.86; SD = .86; 53 % boys). The CPTI items loaded distinctively on three theoretically proposed factors: a Grandiose-Deceitful Factor, a Callous-Unemotional factor, and an Impulsive-Need for Stimulation factor. The three CPTI factors showed reliability in internal consistency and external validity, in terms of expected correlations with theoretically relevant constructs (e.g., fearlessness). The interaction between the three CPTI factors was a stronger predictor of concurrent conduct problems than any of the three individual CPTI factors, showing that it is important to assess all three factors of the psychopathic personality construct in early childhood. In conclusion, the CPTI seems to reliably and validly assess a constellation of traits that is similar to psychopathic personality as manifested in adolescence and adulthood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014. Vol. 36, no 1, p. 4-21
Keywords [en]
Assessment, Child problematic traits inventory (CPTI), Children, Conduct problems, Psychopathic personality
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-34505DOI: 10.1007/s10862-013-9385-yISI: 000331971900002PubMedID: 24610971Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84900376759OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-34505DiVA, id: diva2:709031
Available from: 2014-03-31 Created: 2014-03-31 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Development of Conduct Problems in Early Childhood: The Role of Psychopathic Traits and Psychopathic Personality
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Development of Conduct Problems in Early Childhood: The Role of Psychopathic Traits and Psychopathic Personality
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Research has shown that children displaying conduct problems (CP) early in life are at greater risk for severe CP and other negative outcomes later in life. However, not all children with early-onset CP will develop severe CP over the life-course. Thus, it is important to identify those at greater risk, preferably as early as possible, in order to adequately prevent a negative development. Psychopathic traits have received much attention in research on risk for severe CP, involving attempts to extend these traits, and their association to CP to childhood. However, research has thus far mainly focused on one dimension of psychopathic traits, that is callousunemotional (CU) traits, to some extent neglecting two other dimensions of traits commonly included in a psychopathic personality: an interpersonal, and a behavioural dimension. Hence, we still do not know if a full psychopathic personality is identifiable in early childhood, and if and how it is related to the development of severe and persistent CP. The aim of this dissertation was to examine if a psychopathic personality could be identified in early childhood, if psychopathic traits are stable over time, and if and how the psychopathic personality is related to childhood CP. Overall, the results show that psychopathic traits, as well as the display of a psychopathic personality, could be identified in early childhood. These traits were stable over time, and they were clearly and strongly related to childhood CP. Additionally, the combination of early-onset CP and a full psychopathic personality seems to be the most precarious for severe and persistent CP, even more so than the combination of CP and CU traits. With careful consideration to ethical aspects, these results are discussed both in relation to a developmental psychopathology perspective on CP, as well as in relation to diagnostic practice as it is framed today.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university, 2016. p. 99
Series
Örebro Studies in Psychology, ISSN 1651-1328 ; 36
Keywords
conduct problems, callous-unemotional traits, developmental psychopathology, diagnostics, early childhood, psychopathic traits, psychopathic personality
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-53167 (URN)978-91-7529-165-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-12-09, Örebro universitet, Teknikhuset, Hörsal T, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-10-24 Created: 2016-10-24 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Andershed, HenrikFrogner, LouiseAndershed, Anna-Karin

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