oru.sePublikationer
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Breaking digital firewalls: analyzing internet censorship and circumvention in the arab world
Örebro University, School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation explores the role of Internet censorship and circumvention in the Arab world as well as Arabs’ views on the limits to free speech on the Internet.

The project involves the creation of an Internet censorship circumvention tool named Alkasir that allows users to report and access certain types of censored websites. The study covers the Arab world at large with special focus on Egypt, Syria, Tunisia, and Yemen.

This work is of interdisciplinary nature and draws on the disciplines of media and communication studies and computer science. It uses a pioneering experimental approach by placing Alkasir in the hands of willing users who automatically feed a server with data about usage patterns without storing any of their personal information.

In addition to the analysis of Alkasir usage data, Web surveys were used to learn about any technical and nontechnical Internet censorship practices that Arab users and content producers may have been exposed to. The study also aims at learning about users’ experiences with circumvention tools and how such tools could be improved.

The study found that users have successfully reported and accessed hundreds of censored social networking, news, dissident, multimedia and other websites. The survey results show that while most Arab informants disapprove censoring online anti-government political content, the majority support the censoring of other types of content such as pornography, hate speech, and anti-religion material.

Most informants indicated that circumvention tools should be free of charge, fast and reliable. An increase in awareness among survey respondents of the need for privacy and anonymity features in circumvention solutions was observed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro university , 2014. , 405 p.
Series
Örebro Studies in Media and Communication, ISSN 1651-4785 ; 17
Keyword [en]
Internet censorship, filtering, circumvention, Alkasir, Arab Spring, free speech, liberation technology, authoritarianism, freedom of expression
National Category
Media and Communications
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-34596ISBN: 978-91-7529-023-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-34596DiVA: diva2:710477
Public defence
2014-06-05, Forumhuset, Hörsal F, Örebro universitet, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-04-07 Created: 2014-04-07 Last updated: 2016-08-10Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Introductory chapter(4979 kB)5179 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 4979 kBChecksum SHA-512
c9a8893a7f7ffef5089a353075ca4753f35f362dfb4397854df7ad3cb35fa5bf82e57b520e8ee710d4e9b851145b31537ccdc9e6c78228743cd23fbd4a9f3417
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf
Cover(674 kB)108 downloads
File information
File name COVER01.pdfFile size 674 kBChecksum SHA-512
06f0f38605eaa81f29f32bdd322cf8ce15d5afe0f08294579d2f78dc49aa930e252f2f4fc9eae3868875b0581dd486044037cc93d27ed9d2894fb7b047956e88
Type coverMimetype application/pdf
Spikblad(136 kB)38 downloads
File information
File name SPIKBLAD01.pdfFile size 136 kBChecksum SHA-512
2c77b5aa6ad53c119fe15e407aa8cfc96832dff79053b77c5333381f0de8a415a8b2f8ae3e2a8b29ef3d24335872b67a2023837175057f0a9681e71dca087623
Type spikbladMimetype application/pdf
Errata(126 kB)78 downloads
File information
File name ERRATA01.pdfFile size 126 kBChecksum SHA-512
a213b07c913edd3b2817a102c6bf78bf5067a929a90830690c5a8d09b14554267dceb027b519a1517c2211ce6b99a98ceb85f414c158f3c4e2711ec14cfeae20
Type errataMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Al-saqaf, Walid
By organisation
School of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden
Media and Communications

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 5179 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 2173 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf