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Impact of social standing on traffic injury prevention in a WHO safe community
Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine and Public Health Science, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7393-796X
2012 (English)In: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, E-ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 216-221Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of the current study was to evalu- ate outcomes of a program to prevent traffic injuries among the different social strata under WHO Safe Community Program. A quasi-experi- mental design was used, with pre- and post- implementation registrations in the program im- plementation area (population 41,000) and in a neighbouring control municipality (population 26,000) in Östergötland County, Sweden. The traffic injury rate in the not vocationally active households was twice than employed or self- employed households in the intervention area. In the employed and not vocationally active households, males showed higher injury rates than females in both areas. In the self-employed households females exhibited higher injury rates than males in the intervention area. Males from not vocationally active households displayed the highest post-intervention injury rate in both the intervention and control areas. After 6 years of Safe Community program activity, the injury rates for males in employed category, injury rates for females in self-employed category, and males/females in non-vocationally active cate- gory displayed a decreasing trend in the inter- vention area. However, in the control area injury rate decreased only for males of employed households. The study indicated that there was almost no change in injury rates in the control area. Reduction of traffic injuries in the inter- vention area between 1983 and 1989 was likely to be attributable to the success of safety pro- motion program. Therefore, the current study concludes that Safe Community program seems to be successful for reducing traffic injuries in different social strata.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scientific Research Publishing Inc. , 2012. Vol. 4, no 4, p. 216-221
Keywords [en]
Traffic injury, socioeconomic index, evaluation, safe community, sweden
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-34747DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.44033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-34747DiVA, id: diva2:712505
Note

This study was supported by grants from the Swedish Civil Contingen-cies Agency (MSB).

Available from: 2014-04-15 Created: 2014-04-15 Last updated: 2018-08-29Bibliographically approved

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