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A psychometric evaluation of the Swedish version of the Responses to Positive Affect questionnaire
Modum Bad, Vikersund, Norway.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (CHAMP)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9429-9012
School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (CHAMP)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3887-6281
2014 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 68, no 8, p. 588-593Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Previous research mainly focused on responses to negative affect in relation to depression, and less on responses to positive affect. Cognitive responses to positive affect are interesting in the context of emotion regulation and emotion disorders: positive rumination is associated to hypomania risk and bipolar disorder. There is to date no questionnaire in Swedish that captures the phenomena of cognitive response styles.

Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the replicability of the Responses to Positive Affect questionnaire (RPA) in a newly translated Swedish versionand to test its psychometric properties.

Methods: Swedish undergraduates (n 111) completed a set of self-report questionnaires in a fixed order.

Results: The hypothesized three-factor model was largely replicated in the subscales Self-focused positive rumination, Emotion-focused positive rumination and Dampening. The two positive rumination subscales were strongly associated with each other and current positive affect. The subscales showed acceptable convergent and incremental validity with concurrent measures of depression, hypomania, anxiety, repetitive negative thinking, and positive and negative affect. The model explained 25% of the variance in hypomania, but fell short in the explanation of depression.

Conclusions: The Swedish version of the RPA shows satisfactory reliability and initial fi ndings from a student sample indicate that it is a valid measure comparable with the original RPA questionnaire. Results give emphasis to the importance of further exploration of cognitive response styles in relation to psychopathology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2014. Vol. 68, no 8, p. 588-593
Keywords [en]
Cognitive response styles, Emotion regulation, Psychometric evaluation, Response to positive affect
National Category
Psychiatry
Research subject
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35712DOI: 10.3109/08039488.2014.898792ISI: 000343980600010PubMedID: 24724927Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84912000165OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-35712DiVA, id: diva2:732659
Available from: 2014-07-04 Created: 2014-07-04 Last updated: 2018-11-30Bibliographically approved

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Boersma, KatjaWurm, Matilda

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