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Practicability and sensitivity to change of the Activities-specific Balance confidence and 12-item Walking scale for stroke
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro County Council, Centre for Health Care Sciences, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9760-3785
Family Medicine Research Centre, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6768-5740
2012 (English)In: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, ISSN 1074-9357, E-ISSN 1945-5119, Vol. 19, no 1, 13-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To investigate the practicability and sensitivity to change of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC) and the 12-item Walking Scale (WS-12) in persons at different phases after stroke.

Method: A longitudinal data collection with repeated measurements at 0 to 14 days and 3 months post stroke combined with a cross-sectional approach for persons more than 1 year post stroke. The participants were 37 persons (median age, 79 years; interquartile range [IQR] 67-86) in the acute phase admitted to the University Hospital of Orebro (sample A) of whom 31 were measured at follow-up, and 67 persons at 4 primary care centers in Orebro County Council (median age, 68 years; IQR, 61-76) who were more than 1 year post stroke (sample B).

Results: The ABC registered balance confidence during activities and the WS-12 measured walking limitations as perceived by participants. The observed score range per item and for the total scores covered a wide range with no floor or ceiling effects. For the older persons in sample A, 3 ABC items requiring high balance levels were found difficult even before stroke. The item for running in the WS-12 was also often commented on as being not possible before stroke. The ABC showed moderate ability and the WS-12 showed good ability to measure change.

Conclusion: The scales are practical to use and sensitive to change for persons with remaining walking ability at different phases post stroke.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxfordshire, United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis, 2012. Vol. 19, no 1, 13-22 p.
Keyword [en]
Postural balance, self-rating scales, sensitivity to change, stroke, walking
National Category
Physiotherapy
Research subject
Health and Medical Care Research; Rehabilitation Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35846DOI: 10.1310/tsr1901-13ISI: 000300027100003PubMedID: 22306624Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84858834533OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-35846DiVA: diva2:735907
Available from: 2014-08-04 Created: 2014-08-04 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Nilsagård, YlvaForsberg, Anette
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