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Labour Demand, Offshoring and Inshoring: Evidence from Swedish Firm-level Data
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5479-5310
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5830-9831
Örebro University, Örebro University School of Business.
2017 (English)In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 240-274Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this paper was to analyse effects on firm–level relative demand for skilled labour due to imports of intermediates (offshoring) and exports of intermediates (inshoring). The study is based on a data set of Swedish manufacturing firms, 1997–2002, using trade flows in intermediate goods and services, respectively. Descriptive data show that goods inshoring is much larger than goods offshoring, while the reverse is true for services. There is, however, a strong increase in services inshoring over the study period. Controlling for potential endogeneity in offshoring and inshoring, our results indicate that there is a positive effect of services offshoring on the skill composition of workers in Swedish firms, while no such causality can be established from inshoring.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017. Vol. 40, no 2, p. 240-274
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35856DOI: 10.1111/twec.12396ISI: 000396889400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84964389348OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-35856DiVA, id: diva2:736138
Available from: 2014-08-05 Created: 2014-08-05 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The skill composition in the light of sourcing:offshoring and inshoring
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The skill composition in the light of sourcing:offshoring and inshoring
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Orebro University, 2014. p. 73
Keywords
Offshoring, firm level data, relative employment, translog cost function
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35277 (URN)
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-06-20 Created: 2014-06-10 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
2. Essays on Offshoring, Labor Demand and Hypothetical Bias in Choice Experiments
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Essays on Offshoring, Labor Demand and Hypothetical Bias in Choice Experiments
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation consists of four papers on offshoring, labor demand and hypothetical bias in travel-time stated choice experiments. They are summarized as follows. Essay 1: Firm-level Effects of Offshoring of Materials and Services on Relative Labor Demand analyzes the effect of relocation of production process abroad (offshoring), on relative labor demand for the Swedish manufacturing sector over the period 1997-2002. This essay gives no support to the expected negative effect of out-location of high-skilled activity in Swedish firms and even shows an increase in relative demand of high-skilled labor due to service offshoring. Essay 2: Labour Demand, Offshoring and Inshoring: Evidence from Swedish Firm-level Data adds to the existing literature of offshoring by simultaneously analyzing the effect of offshoring and inshoring measured as firm-level imports and exports, respectively, of intermediate goods (materials) or services on firm-level relative labor demand for high-skilled labor. The causality that we find between relative labor demand and service offshoring, cannot be established neither from goods nor services inshoring. Essay 3: Is ‘Referencing’ a Remedy to Hypothetical Bias in Value of Time Elicitation? Evidence from Economic Experiments demonstrates negative hypothetical bias, i.e. higher value of time is revealed by real choice when it is compared with the value estimated from a hypothetical choice survey. Referencing, that involves interviewing the respondents about the attributes of a reference trip that has been made and then constructing the stated choice experiment presenting variations of that trip, is tested as a suggested remedy. The results indicate that any negative hypothetical bias that would exist without referencing treatment would have been further magnified by the referencing design. Essay 4: Joint Usage of Referencing and Certainty in Travel Time Stated Choice Experiments explores the heterogeneous association of referencing with respect to self-reported choice-certainty with responses in stated choice experiments. The findings in the essay show that while uncertain respondents are more likely to accept the offer of a travel-time prolongation for monetary compensation with referencing, certain respondents tend to be less likely to accept the offer under referencing conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University, 2018. p. 33
Series
Örebro Studies in Economics, ISSN 1651-8896 ; 40
Keywords
Offshoring, Inshoring, Firm-level Data, Relative Labor Demand, Stated Choice Experiments, Hypothetical Bias, Referencing, Certainty Calibration, Value of Time
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-66590 (URN)978-91-7529-248-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-06-08, Örebro universitet, Hörsalen, Musikhögskolan, Fakultetsgatan 1, Örebro, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-04-13 Created: 2018-04-13 Last updated: 2018-06-04Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, LindaKarpaty, PatrikSavsin, Selen

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  • apa
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