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Identification and characterization of membrane androgen receptors in the ZIP9 zinc transporter subfamily: II. Role of human ZIP9 in testosterone-induced prostate and breast cancer cell apoptosis
UTMSI, University of Texas at Austin, USA.
UTMSI, University of Texas at Austin, USA.
UTMSI, University of Texas at Austin, USA.
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology. UTMSI, University of Texas at Austin, USA. (Life Science)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4954-926X
2014 (English)In: Endocrinology, ISSN 0013-7227, E-ISSN 1945-7170, Vol. 155, no 11, 4250-4265 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recently we discovered a cDNA in teleost ovarian follicle cells belonging to the zinc transporter ZIP9 subfamily encoding a protein with characteristics of a membrane androgen receptor (mAR). Here we demonstrate that human ZIP9 expressed in MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cells and stably overexpressed in human prostate cancer PC-3 cells (PC-3-ZIP9) also displays the ligand binding and signaling characteristics of a specific, high-affinity mAR. Testosterone treatment of MDA-MB-468 and PC-3-ZIP9 cells caused activation of G proteins and second messenger pathways as well as increases in intracellular free zinc concentrations that were accompanied by induction of apoptosis. [3H]-Testosterone binding and these responses were abrogated in MDA-MB-468 cells after ZIP9 siRNA treatment and absent in PC-3 cells transfected with empty vector, confirming that ZIP9 functions as an mAR. Testosterone treatment caused upregulation of proapoptotic genes Bax, p53 and JNK in both cell lines and increased expression of Bax, Caspase 3 and cytochrome C proteins. Treatment with a zinc chelator (TPEN) or a MAP kinase inhibitor (PD98059) blocked testosterone induced increases in Bax, p53 and JNK mRNA expression. The results suggest that both androgen signaling and zinc transporter functions of ZIP9 mediate testosterone promotion of apoptosis. ZIP9 is widely expressed in human tissues and upregulated in malignant breast and prostate tissues, suggesting it is a potential therapeutic target for treating breast and prostate cancers. These results provide the first evidence for a mechanism mediated by a single protein through which intracellular steroidandzinc signaling pathways interact to regulate physiological functions in mammalian cells.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 155, no 11, 4250-4265 p.
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35904DOI: 10.1210/en.2014-1201ISI: 000343422800016Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84908032549OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-35904DiVA: diva2:736960
Note

Funding Agency:

National Institutes of Health ESO 12961

Available from: 2014-08-11 Created: 2014-08-11 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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