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Episodic and semantic memory in bilingual and monolingual children
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm Sweden; Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. (CHAMP)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9862-3032
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
2003 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, Vol. 44, no 1, 47-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although bilinguality has been reported to confer advantages upon children with respect to various cognitive abilities, much less is known about the relation between memory and bilinguality. In this study, 60 (30 girls and 30 boys) bilingual and 60 (30 girls and 30 boys) monolingual children in three age groups (mean ages 8.5, 10.5 and 12.5 years) were compared on episodic memory and semantic memory tasks. Episodic memory was assessed using subject-performed tasks (with real or imaginary objects) and verbal tasks, with retrieval by both free recall and cued recall. Semantic memory was assessed by word fluency tests. Positive effects of bilingualism were found on both episodic memory and semantic memory at all age levels. These findings suggest that bilingual children integrate and/or organize the information of two languages, and so bilingualism creates advantages in terms of cognitive abilities (including memory). Some sex differences were also found in episodic

memory but not in semantic memory. This episodic memory difference was found with younger children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing, 2003. Vol. 44, no 1, 47-54 p.
Keyword [en]
Bilingualism, episodic memory, semantic memory, action memory, verbal memory, children
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35918DOI: 10.1111/1467-9450.00320ISI: 000180929400007PubMedID: 12603003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-40849113295OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-35918DiVA: diva2:737319
Available from: 2014-08-12 Created: 2014-08-12 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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Output format
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