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Gender and academic stress: a model for moderating effects in cultural context
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden. (CHAMP)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9862-3032
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
2013 (Persian)In: Journal of Behavioral Science, ISSN 1686-1442, Vol. 7, no 1, 35-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction:This study examined the moderating effect of cultural contexts in the relationship  between gender and academic stress among male and female Iranian and Swedish university students.

Method:The Academic Stress Questionnaire (ASQ) was administered to 212 students (112 Iranian (32 male and 78 female) and 100 Swedish (29 male and 71 female)). Linear Regression analysis was used for data analysis.

Results:The results of regression analysis indicated that there was a significant positive correlation between gender and academic stress among Iranian and Swedish students. Results also indicated that the relationship between gender and academic stress was not moderated by cultural context. However, gender was found to be a strong predictor for academic stress for Iranian students in comparison with Swedish ones.

Conclusion:Although these findings showed that the relationship between gender and academic stress was not  oderated by cultural context, obvious differences in predictive values of standardized regression of academic stress by gender among Iranian and Swedish students support theoretical assumptions underlying transactional theory of stress and expectation theory of sexual role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 7, no 1, 35-42 p.
Keyword [en]
academic stress, sexual differences, cultural differences, moderating effect model
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35925OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-35925DiVA: diva2:737378
Available from: 2014-08-12 Created: 2014-08-12 Last updated: 2017-06-14Bibliographically approved

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Shokri, Kormi-Nouri, Farahani & Moradi ((520 kB)250 downloads
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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