oru.sePublikationer
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Determinants of personal exposure to some carcinogenic substances and nitrogen dioxide among the general population in five Swedish cities
Umeå Univ, Umeå, Sweden.
Umeå Univ, Umeå, Sweden.
Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Univ Hosp & Acad, Dept Occupat & Environm Med, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Univ Hosp & Acad, Dept Occupat & Environm Med, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2014 (English)In: Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, ISSN 1559-0631, E-ISSN 1559-064x, Vol. 24, no 4, 437-443 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Environmental levels of airborne carcinogenic and related substances are comparatively better known than individual exposure and its determinants. We report on a personal monitoring program involving five Swedish urban populations. The aim of the program was to investigate personal exposure to benzene, 1,3-butadiene, formaldehyde, and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). The measurements were performed among 40 inhabitants during seven consecutive days, in one urban area each year, during 2000-2008. The estimated population exposure levels were 1.95 mu g/m(3) for benzene, 0.56 mu g/m(3) for 1,3-butadiene, 19.4 mu g/m(3) for formaldehyde, and 14.1,mu g/m(3) for NO2. Statistical analysis using a mixed-effects model revealed that time spent in traffic and time outdoors contributed to benzene and 1,3- butadiene exposure. For benzene, refueling a car was an additional determinant influencing the exposure level. Smoking or environmental tobacco smoke were significant determinants of exposure to NO2, benzene, and 1, 3-butadiene. Those with a gas stove had higher NO2 exposure. Living in a single-family house increased the exposure to formaldehyde significantly. In a variance component model, the between-subject variance dominated for 1,3-butadiene and formaldehyde, whereas the between-city variance dominated for NO2. For benzene, the between-subject and between-cities variances were similar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 24, no 4, 437-443 p.
Keyword [en]
personal exposure, benzene, 1, 3-butadiene, nitrogen dioxide, formaldehyde, mixed models
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-35821DOI: 10.1038/jes.2013.57ISI: 000337651800013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-35821DiVA: diva2:741061
Note

Funding Agency:

Swedish Environmental Protection Agency

Available from: 2014-08-27 Created: 2014-07-30 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Westberg, Håkan
By organisation
School of Science and Technology
In the same journal
Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology
Environmental Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 275 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf