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The reasons why women do not participate in the papsmear screening and testing program in Sweden
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. (Complications in the Reproductive Life of Women)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2577-1632
Primärvården Skaraborg. (Complications in the Reproductive Life of Women)
Primärvården Skaraborg.
2012 (English)In: Advances in Sexual Medicine, ISSN 2164-5191, Vol. 2, 31-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer among women worldwide. In Sweden cervical cancer is the fifteenth most common cancer among women and accounts for 1.9 percent of all female cancers. The Swedish Pap smear screening program is enabling early detection of cell changes in order that treatment may be administered to pre- vent the development of cancerous cells. There are approximately four hundred and fifty cases of cervical cancer de-tected each year in Sweden and of these cases, approximately seventy five percent occur in women who do not partici-pate in the screening and testing program. The purpose of this study was to illustrate and examine the reasons why women did not participate in the program even though they had received a notice that they had an appointment for a Pap smear test. In the study fourteen women from a district in the west of Sweden were interviewed. In order to analyse the interviews a qualitative content analysis according to Lundman and Graneheim was used. The analysis resulted in the development of three categories which were identified as communication, treatment and subterfuge (reasons or excuses for not participating). The theme of the study was the professional treatment of the women’s conditions. In the inter-views the women emphasize the importance of professional treatment that is administered with respectful and sympa-thetic care throughout the whole healthcare system regardless of where and when the visit was conducted. Efficient or-ganization and clear communication would minimize the inconvenience for the women during their visit.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scientific Research Publishing Inc. , 2012. Vol. 2, 31-37 p.
Keyword [en]
Attitude; Communication; Pap Smear; Screening; Subterfuge; Women’s Health
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-36198DOI: 10.4236/asm.2012.23006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-36198DiVA: diva2:741640
Available from: 2014-08-28 Created: 2014-08-28 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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Adolfsson, Annsofie
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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