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Coping with radiation therapy: Strategies used by women with breast cancer
Karloinska Hospital, Department of Oncology, Red Cross University College of Nursing and Health, Stockholm, Sweden; Division of Nursing Research, Karolinska Hospital, Borgmästarvillan 1 tr, 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden .
Department of Oncology, Karolinska Institutet, Red Cross University College of Nursing and Health, Stockholm, Sweden .
Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Red Cross University College of Nursing and Health, Stockholm, Sweden.
2001 (English)In: Cancer Nursing, Vol. 24, no 4, 264-271 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe coping strategies used by women with breast cancer during and after radiation therapy. Content analysis was used to structure the statements provided by the patients in the Wheel Questionnaire. The patients used several problem- and emotion-focused strategies to cope with the treatment, and the strategies changed over time. Family and friends had a positive impact on the coping process for the three points of measurement: before treatment started, on completion of treatment, and 3 months after treatment. Contact with colleagues at work also provided the women with a sense of normalcy. The women used a broad spectrum of own activities to aid recovery, instead of leaving their treatment solely to medicine. The women also found that a hopeful and optimistic attitude was a helpful strategy for coping with the treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 24, no 4, 264-271 p.
Keyword [en]
Breast cancer, Coping, Radiation theraphy, adult, aged, article, cancer radiotherapy, coping behavior, family, female, human, human relation, major clinical study, patient attitude, priority journal, questionnaire, Adaptation, Psychological, Aged, 80 and over, Breast Neoplasms, Humans, Middle Aged, Oncologic Nursing, Questionnaires, Social Support, Time Factors, Women's Health
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-36611ISI: -PubMedID: 11502034Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0034902201OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-36611DiVA: diva2:747245
Note

References: Munro, A.J., Potter, S., A quantitative approach to the distress caused by symptoms in patients treated with radical radiotherapy (1996) Br J Cancer, 74, pp. 640-647; Payne, D.K., Sullivan, D., Massie, M.J., Womens' psychological reactions to breast cancer (1996) Semin Oncol, 23 (SUPPL. 2), pp. 89-97; Lazarus, R.S., Folkman, S., (1991) Stress and Coping, , New York: Columbia University Press; Rowland, J.H., Holland, J.C., (1990) Handbook of Psychooncology: Psychological Care of the Patient With Cancer, , New York: Oxford University Press; Overgaard, M., Hansen, P.S., Overgaard, J., Postoperative radiotherapy in high-risk premenopausal women with breast cancer who receive chemotherapy (1997) N Engl J Med, 337 (14), pp. 949-955; Ragaz, J., Jackson, M.S., Le, N., Adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy in node-positive premenopausal women with breast cancer (1997) N Engl J Med, 337 (14), pp. 956-962; Wengström, Y., Häggmark, C., Strander, H., Forsberg, C., Perceived symptoms and quality of life in women with breast cancer receiving radiation therapy (2000) Eur J Oncol Nurs, 4 (2), pp. 78-88; Bottomley, A., Psychosocial problems in cancer care: A brief review of common problems (1997) J Psychiatr Mental Health Nurs, 4, pp. 323-331; Shalit, B., Carlstedt, L., (1984) The Perception of Enemy Threat: A Method for Assessing the Coping Potential, , Stockholm: FOA; Wengström, Y., Häggmark, C., Forsberg, C., Coping with radiation therapy: Effects of a nursing intervention on coping ability for women with breast cancer (2001) Int J Nurs Pract, 7, pp. 8-15; Miles, M., Huberman, M., (1994) Qualitative Data Analysis, , Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage; Cronqvist, A., Klang, B., Björwell, H., The use and efficacy of coping strategies and coping styles in a Swedish sample (1997) Qual Life Res, 6, pp. 87-96; Walker, B.L., Nail, L.M., Larsen, L., Magill, J., Schwartz, A., Concerns, affect, and cognitive disruption following completion of radiation treatment for localized breast or prostate cancer (1996) Oncol Nurs Forum, 23 (8), pp. 1181-1187; Gamble, K., Communication and information: The experience of radiotherapy patients (1998) Eur J Cancer Care, 7, pp. 153-161; Van der Pompe, G., Antoini, M., Visser, A., Garssen, B., Adjustment to breast cancer: The psychobiological effects of psychosocial interventions (1996) Patient Educ Counsel, 28, pp. 209-219

Available from: 2014-09-16 Created: 2014-09-16 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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