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Performance of occupations in daily life among individuals with severe mental disorders
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Department of Public Health, Sweden; .
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala Science Park, 751 85, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala Science Park, 751 85, Uppsala, Sweden.
2004 (English)In: Occupational Therapy in Mental Health, ISSN 0164-212X, E-ISSN 1541-3101, no 2, 33-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aims of this study were to describe self-perceived capability to perform daily occupations, functional cognitive ability and differences between self-perceived capability to perform daily occupations and cognitive levels among individuals with severe mental disorders. Fifty-one persons participated in the study. The participants completed a structured interview concerning their own perceived experiences of daily occupations, they were also observed during performance of a standardized task and assigned a cognitive level score. The results showed that most participants perceived small problems in Activities of Daily Living. On the other hand, Play and Leisure Activities seemed problematic to them. The participants' cognitive levels seem to correlate with their performance of Work and Productive Activities. The results also showed that a structural tool focusing on capability to perform daily occupations enabled mentally disabled persons to have a perspective of their own. Together with observed assessment it gave complementary information about these people's occupational performance. These shared identified occupational problems could serve as a foundation for planning individually adapted interventions

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. no 2, 33-50 p.
Keyword [en]
Severe mental disorders, occupations in daily living, structured assessments
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Research subject
Occupational therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37319Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-3242688723OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-37319DiVA: diva2:751522
Available from: 2014-10-01 Created: 2014-10-01 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Occupational Performance in Individuals with Severe Mental Disorders: Assessment and Family Burden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational Performance in Individuals with Severe Mental Disorders: Assessment and Family Burden
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of the present thesis was three-fold. The first was to study occupational performance in individuals with severe mental disorders and their experiences of occupational therapy, the second to study experienced burden of family caregivers and the third to test the validity and the homogeneity of assessment tools in this area. The samples consisted of individuals with severe mental disorders participating in organised occupations (n= 112), occupational therapy records (n=64), occupational therapists working in mental health care (n=7) and family caregivers of individuals with severe mental disorders (n=256). Data were collected by questionnaires, structured and narrative interviews, observations and occupational therapy records. Individuals with severe mental disorders reported problems related to leisure and work activities and the occupational therapists recorded problems concerning how to organise and structure occupational performance. Individuals functioning on a high cognitive level experienced problems related to work and productive activities. Participation in occupational therapy strengthened their confidence in their own ability. The “Experience of Occupational Performance Questionnaire” (EOPQ) was developed from data on the experiences of women participating in occupational therapy. A principal component analysis gave seven factors with acceptable homogeneity. There is a need for assessment tools to evaluate occupational therapy. The EOPQ represents an attempt to fulfil this need. Family caregivers experienced limitations of daily activities as a burden. The ability to perform daily activities was studied from three perspectives, the individuals’, the occupational therapists’, and the experienced burden of the family caregivers. These perspectives are complementary and thus necessary for planning and implementation of individually adapted occupational therapy as well as for the evaluation of outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala University, Tryck & Medier, 2002. 41 p.
Series
Comprehensive summaries of Uppsala Dissertations form the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 0282-7492 ; 118
Keyword
Mental disorders, occupational performance, activities in daily life, factor analysis.
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Occupational therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37423 (URN)01-554-5432-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2002-11-08, Uppsala, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-10-21 Created: 2014-10-02 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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