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Developement of the experience of occupational performance questionnarie: validity and reliability in a sample of individuals with severe mental disorders
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Section of Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Section of Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
2002 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 9, no 4, 184-191 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of a new tool called the Experiences of Occupational Performance Questionnaire (EOPQ) and also to investigate whether there were any gender differences in the answers. The EOPQ was completed by 32 women and 73 men with severe mental disorders, who participated in an occupation arranged by the healthcare system in Sweden. The EOPQ was originally developed from interviews with six women participating in occupational therapy. An analysis of the content validity of the EOPQ was performed with the help of seven occupational therapists. Forty-six of the 49 items in the EOPQ were valued as representative of the concept occupation as a resource in therapy. Principal component analysis performed in two steps yielded seven factors called: "Satisfaction with own ability"; "Confidence in own ability"; "Capability to perform"; "Challenge"; "Ability to handle difficult situatio"; "Forgetting time and self"; and "Identification with others". The internal consistency calculated by Cronbach's &#102 values varied between 0.63 and 0.91 in the seven factors. No gender differences were found on the factor level but differences in five items were found. The results showed that EOPQ could be used as a tool to measure therapeutic potentials in occupations and could also contribute to knowledge to secure the use of occupations as a therapeutic resource for individuals with severe mental disorders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 9, no 4, 184-191 p.
Keyword [en]
factor analysis, occupation, resource, severe mental disorders, therapeutic
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Research subject
Occupational therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37320OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-37320DiVA: diva2:751525
Available from: 2014-10-01 Created: 2014-10-01 Last updated: 2014-10-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Occupational Performance in Individuals with Severe Mental Disorders: Assessment and Family Burden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Occupational Performance in Individuals with Severe Mental Disorders: Assessment and Family Burden
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of the present thesis was three-fold. The first was to study occupational performance in individuals with severe mental disorders and their experiences of occupational therapy, the second to study experienced burden of family caregivers and the third to test the validity and the homogeneity of assessment tools in this area. The samples consisted of individuals with severe mental disorders participating in organised occupations (n= 112), occupational therapy records (n=64), occupational therapists working in mental health care (n=7) and family caregivers of individuals with severe mental disorders (n=256). Data were collected by questionnaires, structured and narrative interviews, observations and occupational therapy records. Individuals with severe mental disorders reported problems related to leisure and work activities and the occupational therapists recorded problems concerning how to organise and structure occupational performance. Individuals functioning on a high cognitive level experienced problems related to work and productive activities. Participation in occupational therapy strengthened their confidence in their own ability. The “Experience of Occupational Performance Questionnaire” (EOPQ) was developed from data on the experiences of women participating in occupational therapy. A principal component analysis gave seven factors with acceptable homogeneity. There is a need for assessment tools to evaluate occupational therapy. The EOPQ represents an attempt to fulfil this need. Family caregivers experienced limitations of daily activities as a burden. The ability to perform daily activities was studied from three perspectives, the individuals’, the occupational therapists’, and the experienced burden of the family caregivers. These perspectives are complementary and thus necessary for planning and implementation of individually adapted occupational therapy as well as for the evaluation of outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala University, Tryck & Medier, 2002. 41 p.
Series
Comprehensive summaries of Uppsala Dissertations form the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 0282-7492 ; 118
Keyword
Mental disorders, occupational performance, activities in daily life, factor analysis.
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Occupational therapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37423 (URN)01-554-5432-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2002-11-08, Uppsala, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-10-21 Created: 2014-10-02 Last updated: 2016-12-06Bibliographically approved

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