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A Longitudinal Study of Hearing and Middle Ear Status of Individuals With Cleft Palate With and Without Additional Malformations/Syndromes
Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci Intervent & Technol, Dept Speech Language Pathol, Stockholm, Sweden; Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Div Audiol, Inst Neurosci & Physiol, Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Dept Audiol, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Neurosci & Physiol, Div Speech & Language Pathol, Gothenburg, Sweden; Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Dept Speech Language Pathol, Gothenburg, Swedenmöller.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6557-6359
Karolinska Inst, Div Speech & Language Pathol, Dept Clin Sci Intervent & Technol, Stockholm, Sweden; Karolinska Univ Hosp, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2014 (English)In: The Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, ISSN 1055-6656, E-ISSN 1545-1569, Vol. 51, no 5, 94-101 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To describe and compare the middle ear status and hearing sensitivity in adolescence with isolated cleft palate plus additional malformations and/or syndromes with those with only an isolated cleft palate.

Design: Retrospective and longitudinal. Two groups of individuals with isolated cleft palate were compared.

Participants: A cohort of individuals born over 4 years in the western region of Sweden. The cohort was divided into one group with isolated cleft palate (n = 31; ICP) and one group with isolated cleft palate plus additional malformations and/or syndromes (n = 37; ICP+).

Methods: Middle ear status and hearing thresholds were collected from the medical records at 7, 10, 13, and 16 years of age, examined, and compared within and between groups over time.

Results: The ICP+ group demonstrated a significantly higher prevalence of abnormal middle ear status and elevated hearing thresholds as compared with the ICP group. As the individuals aged, the prevalence of abnormal middle ear status decreased. The hearing levels in both groups decreased in the low to middle frequencies as individuals aged; however, the hearing in the high frequencies did not.

Conclusions: Individuals with cleft palate need to be followed routinely for middle ear status and hearing thresholds to ensure optimal audiological rehabilitation, with particular attention to those with additional malformations and/or syndromes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Alliance Communications Group Division Allen Press , 2014. Vol. 51, no 5, 94-101 p.
Keyword [en]
isolated cleft palate; syndromes; additional malformations; hearing; middle ear status
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-37569DOI: 10.1597/12-288ISI: 000341517700001PubMedID: 24175661Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84907215707OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-37569DiVA: diva2:753112
Note

Funding Agency:

Ulla och Rune Amlov Foundation for Neurological, Rheumatology, and Audiological Research

Available from: 2014-10-07 Created: 2014-10-07 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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