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International Legal Status of Children
The Institute of International Criminal Law, Uppsala, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8818-5406
2014 (English)In: Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice / [ed] Gerben Bruinsma, David Weisburd, Springer, 2014Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

National, regional, and international criminal legislation and procedures for quite a long time struggled with the recognition of the legal status of children, but the position has slowly changed in recent decades. The aim has been to support persons aged under 18, whether perpetrators, victims, witnesses, or applicants under criminal justice proceedings. Thus, when children have committed crimes, the procedure of arrest, detention, or imprisonment has to be in conformity with the provisions of international law, and they should promptly receive legal assistance. Capital punishment has been abolished, and corporal penalties have broadly been reduced. The tendency today is that juveniles should be sentenced to measures such as care, supervision orders, community service orders, correctional, educational, and vocational training programs. Consequently, many rules of criminal justice have been formulated for the purpose of protection of children's rights, which are considered an integral part of international jus cogens.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014.
Keyword [en]
child, crimes, legal status, procedure, punishment
National Category
Law
Research subject
Law
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-38510DOI: 10.1002/9781118517383.wbeccj259ISBN: 978-1-4614-5689-6 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-38510DiVA: diva2:762105
Note

The article is a part of The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice

Available from: 2014-11-10 Created: 2014-11-10 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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