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Two-dimensional gap analysis: a tool for efficient conservation planning and biodiversity policy implementation
Örebro University, Department of Natural Sciences.
Örebro University, Department of Natural Sciences. Swed. Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden.
Div. of Geogr. Info. Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden; Luleå University of Technology, Sweden; Swedish Space Corporation, Swedish Land Survey, Sweden; Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Geographical Information Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden .
Luleå University of Technology, Sweden; Dept. of Environmental Engineering, Geographical Information Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden; Intergraph, Sweden .
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2003 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, Vol. 32, no 8, 527-534 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The maintenance of biodiversity by securing representative and well-connected habitat networks in managed landscapes requires a wise combination of protection, management, and restoration of habitats at several scales. We suggest that the integration of natural and social sciences in the form of "Two-dimensional gap analysis" is an efficient tool for the implementation of biodiversity policies. The tool links biologically relevant "horizontal" ecological issues with "vertical" issues related to institutions and other societal issues. Using forest biodiversity as an example, we illustrate how one can combine ecological and institutional aspects of biodiversity conservation, thus facilitating environmentally sustainable regional development. In particular, we use regional gap analysis for identification of focal forest types, habitat modelling for ascertaining the functional connectivity of "green infrastructures", as tools for the horizontal gap analysis. For the vertical dimension we suggest how the social sciences can be used for assessing the success in the implementation of biodiversity policies in real landscapes by identifying institutional obstacles while implementing policies. We argue that this interdisciplinary approach could be applied in a whole range of other environments including other terrestrial biota and aquatic ecosystems where functional habitat connectivity, nonlinear response to habitat loss and a multitude of economic and social interests co-occur in the same landscape.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 32, no 8, 527-534 p.
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Political Science Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Political Science; Enviromental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-38789ISI: 000189317900006PubMedID: 15049349Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0347567245OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-38789DiVA: diva2:764612
Available from: 2014-11-19 Created: 2014-11-19 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Angelstam, PerMikusinski, GrzegorzOlsson, Jan

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