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Can people with disabilities gain from education?: Similarities and differences between occupational attainment among persons with and without disabilities
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden. (The Swedish Institute for Disability Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2690-6989
Department of Social Work and Psychology, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden; Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
Department of Social Work and Psychology, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
2014 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 193-204Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: More knowledge is needed of occupational attainment of persons with disabilities, i.e. the relationship between their educational level and their profession, and factors of importance for this relationship.

OBJECTIVE: To compare occupational attainment among persons with and without a disability.

METHOD: 3396 informants with disabilities and 19004 non-disabled informants participated (control group) in a survey study by Statistics Sweden. The informants with disabilities were divided into six groups.

RESULTS: Occupational attainment did not differ between the disability groups, neither between persons with and without a disability. Follow-up analysis showed that men with disabilities with primary or secondary school had an occupation above their educational level to a significantly larger extent than women with disabilities. This pattern was even clearer in comparison with the control group. Persons without disabilities, with secondary or higher education, were more successful in the labor market than persons with disabilities. Occupational attainment increased with age in both groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Young women with disabilities who only have primary or secondary education run a higher risk of having a job that is below their educational level than men at the same educational level. This indicates discriminating mechanisms in the society related to gender and ability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 49, no 2, p. 193-204
Keywords [en]
Discrimination, occupational attainment, educational level, self-estimated work ability
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Disability Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39248DOI: 10.3233/WOR-131718ISI: 000344347900004PubMedID: 24004782OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-39248DiVA, id: diva2:767757
Available from: 2014-12-02 Created: 2014-12-02 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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