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Compassion focused therapy to counteract shame, self-criticism and isolation: a replicated single case experimental study for individuals with social anxiety
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (CHAMP)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9429-9012
2015 (English)In: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, ISSN 0022-0116, E-ISSN 1573-3564, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 89-98Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

Most forms of psychological distress encompass both the relation to the self in the form of shame and self-criticism, as well as the relation to others in the form of distance and isolation. These are often longstanding and pervasive problems that permeate a wide range of psychological disorders and are difficult to treat. This paper focuses on how problems with shame and self-criticism can be addressed using compassion focused therapy (CFT). In a pilot study we tested the effectiveness of CFT with a single case experimental design in six individuals suffering from social anxiety. The aim was to establish whether CFT lead to increases in self-compassion, and reductions in shame, self-criticism and social anxiety. Moreover, the aim was to investigate to what extent participants were satisfied and experienced CFT as helpful in coping with social anxiety and in increasing self-compassion. Taken together the preliminary results show that CFT is a promising approach. CFT was effective for 3 of 6 participants, probably effective for 1 of 6 and more questionably effective for 2 of 6 participants. These results add to the empirical evidence that CFT is a promising approach to address problems with self-compassion. This research body is as of yet small, and more studies are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 45, no 2, p. 89-98
Keywords [en]
Compassion focused therapy; Self-criticism; Shame; Social anxiety
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39616DOI: 10.1007/s10879-014-9286-8ISI: 000211942900002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84910088788OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-39616DiVA, id: diva2:771100
Available from: 2014-12-12 Created: 2014-12-12 Last updated: 2018-04-24Bibliographically approved

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Boersma, Katja

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