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Compassion focused therapy to counteract shame, self-criticism and isolation: a replicated single case experimental study for individuals with social anxiety
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (CHAMP)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9429-9012
Department of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Department of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, ISSN 0022-0116, E-ISSN 1573-3564, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 89-98Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Most forms of psychological distress encompass both the relation to the self in the form of shame and self-criticism, as well as the relation to others in the form of distance and isolation. These are often longstanding and pervasive problems that permeate a wide range of psychological disorders and are difficult to treat. This paper focuses on how problems with shame and self-criticism can be addressed using compassion focused therapy (CFT). In a pilot study we tested the effectiveness of CFT with a single case experimental design in six individuals suffering from social anxiety. The aim was to establish whether CFT lead to increases in self-compassion, and reductions in shame, self-criticism and social anxiety. Moreover, the aim was to investigate to what extent participants were satisfied and experienced CFT as helpful in coping with social anxiety and in increasing self-compassion. Taken together the preliminary results show that CFT is a promising approach. CFT was effective for 3 of 6 participants, probably effective for 1 of 6 and more questionably effective for 2 of 6 participants. These results add to the empirical evidence that CFT is a promising approach to address problems with self-compassion. This research body is as of yet small, and more studies are needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2015. Vol. 45, no 2, p. 89-98
Keywords [en]
Compassion focused therapy, Self-criticism, Shame, Social anxiety
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39616DOI: 10.1007/s10879-014-9286-8ISI: 000211942900002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84910088788OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-39616DiVA, id: diva2:771100
Available from: 2014-12-12 Created: 2014-12-12 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved

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Boersma, Katja

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