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Perfluorooctane Sulfonate Increases the Genotoxicity of Cyclophosphamide in the Micronucleus Assay with V79 Cells: Further Proof of Alterations in Cell Membrane Properties Caused by PFOS
Örebro University, Department of Natural Sciences. University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. (MTM)
University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. (MTM)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2356-6686
University of Bonn, Germany.
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2007 (English)In: Environmental science and pollution research international, ISSN 0944-1344, E-ISSN 1614-7499, Vol. 14, no 2, 85-87 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS; C8F17SO3–) is a fully fluorinated organic compound which has been manufactured for decades and was used widely in industrial and commercial products. The recent toxicological knowledge of PFOS mainly concerns mono-substance exposures of PFOS to biological systems, leaving the potential interactive effects of PFOS with other compounds as an area where understanding is significantly lacking. However, a recent study, reported the potential of PFOS to enhance the toxicity of two compounds by increasing cell membrane permeability. This is of particular concern since PFOS has been reported to be widely distributed in the environment where contaminants are known to occur in complex mixtures. In this study, PFOS was evaluated alone and in combination with cyclophosphamide (CPP) to investigate whether a presence of PFOS leads to an increased genotoxic potential of CPP towards hamster lung V79 cells. Genotoxicity was investigated using the micronucleus(MN) assay according to the recent draft ISO/DIS 21427-2 method. PFOS alone demonstrated no genotoxicity up to a concentration of 12.5 μg/ml. However, PFOS combined with two different concentrations of CPP, with metabolic activation, caused a significant increase in the number of micronucleated cells compared to treatments with CPP alone. These results provide a first indication that PFOS has the potential to enhance the genotoxic action of CPP towards V79 cells, suggesting, together with the alterations in cell membrane properties shown previously, that genotoxicity of complex mixtures may be increased significantly by changes in chemical uptake. Together with an earlier study performed by the own working group, it can be concluded that PFOS alone is not genotoxic in this bioassay using V79 cells up to 12.5 μg/ml, but that further investigations are needed to assess the potential interaction between PFOS and other substances, in particular regarding the impact of membrane alterations on the uptake of toxic substances.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ecomed , 2007. Vol. 14, no 2, 85-87 p.
Keyword [en]
Alterations in cell membrane properties; genotoxicity; micronucleus assay; perfluorooctane sulfonate; PFOS
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39645DOI: 10.1065/espr2007.01.384ISI: 000245218500002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34147175453OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-39645DiVA: diva2:771437
Available from: 2014-12-13 Created: 2014-12-13 Last updated: 2016-12-02Bibliographically approved

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