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AhR-mediated activities of polycyclic aromatic compound (PAC) mixtures are predictable by the concept of concentration addition
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology, Örebro University, Sweden. (MTM)
Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences and Toxicological Center, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada; Department of Zoology and Center for Integrative Toxicology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA; Department of Biology and Chemistry, State Key Laboratory in Marine Pollution, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China; School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China; State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China.
Örebro University, School of Science and Technology, Örebro University, Sweden. (MTM)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7338-2079
2014 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 73, 94-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Risk assessments of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are complicated because these compounds exist in the environment as complex mixtures of hundreds of individual PAHs and other related polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs). In this study, the hypothesis that concentration addition (CA) can be used to predict the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-mediated activity of PACs in mixtures containing various combinations of PACs was tested. AhR-mediated activities of 18 mixtures composed of two to 23 PACs, which included PAHs, azaarenes and oxygenated PAHs, were examined by the use of the AhR-based H4IIE-luc bioassay. Since greater AhR-mediated activities have been observed in soils contaminated by PAHs, investigations were done to test whether soil extract matrix or the presence of non-effect PACs might affect responses of the H4IIE-luc bioassay. Our results showed that AhR-mediated activities of mixtures of PACs could be predicted by the use of concentration addition. Additive activities of PACs in multi component mixtures along with the insignificant effect of the soil matrix support the use of concentration addition in mass balance calculations and AhR-based bioassays in risk assessment of environmental samples. However, independent action (IA) could not be used to predict the activity of mixtures of PACs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 73, 94-103 p.
Keyword [en]
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; Concentration addition; Independent action; H4IIE-luc; Additivity
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Enviromental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39912DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2014.06.011ISI: 000345540700011PubMedID: 25108069Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84905447715OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-39912DiVA: diva2:773574
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Note

Funding Agencies:

Canada Research Chairs programme, a Visiting Distinguished Professorship in the Department of Biology and Chemistry and State Key Laboratory in Marine Pollution, City University of Hong Kong

"High Concentration Foreign Experts" programme GDW20123200120

State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs

P.R. China to Nanjing University

Einstein Professor Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

Available from: 2014-12-19 Created: 2014-12-19 Last updated: 2016-12-02Bibliographically approved

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