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Feelings of safety in the presence of the police, security guards and police volunteers
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden. (CAPS - center for Criminological And PsychoSocial research)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1576-5079
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden. (CAPS - center for Criminological And PsychoSocial research)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0590-8600
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden. (CAPS - center for Criminological And PsychoSocial research)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8163-6558
2013 (English)Conference paper, (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Uniformed presences are thought to create feelings of safety in people. However, do different uniformed people contribute to the same amount of safety and are there differences dependent on the situation? The present study examined the association between various types of uniformed presence and people’s feelings of safety through a questionnaire among 352 respondents (18-86 years) (49.1 % women). The questionnaire contained pictures of relatively safe and unsafe situations with or without uniformed presence. The respondents estimated how safe they thought they would feel in these situations with and without two police officers, six police officers, a police car, two security guards, or two police volunteers. The results showed that uniformed presence does not increase feelings of safety in an already relatively safe situation, making patrol unnecessary. In relatively unsafe situations however, all types of uniformed presence increase feelings of safety. Foot patrolling police increased feelings of safety the most. Security guards and police volunteers created approximately the same amount of safety; making police volunteers a cost-effective alternative, although some situation, gender and age differences were found. All types of foot patrol were better than vehicle patrol (with some gender differences), making non-police groups an alternative to vehicle patrol.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Keyword [en]
feelings of safety, policing, security guards, police volunteers, foot patrol, vehicle patrol
National Category
Psychology Law and Society
Research subject
Psychology; Criminology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-40074OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-40074DiVA: diva2:775223
Conference
The Stockholm Criminology Symposium, Stockholm, Sweden, June 10-12, 2013
Available from: 2014-12-31 Created: 2014-12-31 Last updated: 2016-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Doyle, MariaFrogner, LouiseAndershed, Henrik
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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