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Prevalence and risk markers of behavior problems among adults with intellectual disabilities: a total population study in Örebro County, Sweden
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Örebro University Hospital. (Centre for Rehabilitation Research)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6703-7575
2013 (English)In: Research in Developmental Disabilities, ISSN 0891-4222, E-ISSN 1873-3379, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 1346-1356Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of behavior problems among people with administratively defined intellectual disability (ID) and identify possible risk markers for behavior problems using the Behavior Problems Inventory (BPI). Sixty-two percent of the ID population (n = 915) had a behavior problem (self-injurious, stereotyped, or aggressive/destructive behavior) and 18.7% had a behavior problem identified as challenging behavior, resulting in a prevalence of 80.3 per 100,000 in the base population. The most pronounced risk markers for behavior problems were severity of ID, autism, night sleep disturbances, sensory hypersensitivity, communication dysfunction, social deficits, psychiatry involvement, and psychotropic medication. About 50% of people with behavior problems were on psychotropic drugs. Protective markers were Down's syndrome and, to some extent, cerebral palsy. The results were largely consistent with those reported in previous studies. Findings not previously reported were that prevalence of aggressive/destructive behavior peaked among those ≥70 years. Highlighting groups within a population at particular risk has implications for management and treatment of individuals with behavior problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pergamon Press, 2013. Vol. 34, no 4, p. 1346-1356
Keywords [en]
Aggressive/destructive behavior, Behavior Problems Inventory (BPI), Challenging behavior, Self-injurious behavior, Stereotyped behavior
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-40414DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2013.01.010ISI: 000316532700026PubMedID: 23417139Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84873889045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-40414DiVA, id: diva2:777247
Available from: 2015-01-08 Created: 2015-01-08 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Lundqvist, Lars-Olov

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School of Law, Psychology and Social WorkSchool of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, SwedenÖrebro University Hospital
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Research in Developmental Disabilities
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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