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Skogen märks: hur svensk skogscertifiering kom till och dess konsekvenser
Stockholm Center for Organizational Research (SCORE), Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7215-2623
2002 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, environmental organizations have – in cooperation with forest enterprises andsocial interests in the forest sector – introduced and implemented a voluntary certificationscheme for a sustainable forestry. This work has been done in accordance with principlesthat the international organization Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) has formulated.Working both at international and national levels, FSC consists of actors that repre-sentsocial, environmental, and business interests. State actors are not allowed to be members inthe organization, and standardization processes shall take place independently of states.Sweden was the first country in which a nationally based FSC-standard was successfullyintroduced, and almost half of the Swedish forest area is certified according to this quitesubstantial standard. In this report I examine why FSC-certification has succeeded inSweden while a competitive program in many other countries has marginalized it. Parts ofthe Swedish environmental movement carried the issue about forest certification.Environmental organizations managed to convince all large forest enterprises to participatein the process, in spite of that some of them did not perceive the relevance of forestcertification initially. It is shown that several factors together influenced the process in apositive direction: i.e. the connection to global political and economic processes, thetraditional political and administrative culture of the Swedish state (forest administration)and its mode of regulation in the forest sector, the role of natural science in the Swedishcontext, the forest industries gradual adoption of programs and measures for environmentalconsideration, and not the least how a spirit of consensus gradually developed whenpreviously polarized actors in the forest sector began to communicate and decided tonegotiate about a standard. In the report I also describe and discuss some consequences ofthe implementation of the FSC-standard, i.e. how a competitive alternative was introducedby the association for private forest owners (within the framework of the Pan EuropeanForest Certification Scheme), and how the introduction of private regulation in turninfluences forest politics and forest administration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: SCORE , 2002. , p. 59
Series
SCORE rapportserie, ISSN 1404-5052 ; 2002:3
Keywords [sv]
miljömärkning, miljöpolitik, miljöreglering, skogscertifiering, skogspolitik, standardisering
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-39714ISBN: 91-89658-04-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-39714DiVA, id: diva2:777707
Available from: 2011-03-13 Created: 2014-12-15 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf