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Fear avoidance and pain catastrophizing among women with sexual pain
Department of Psychology, Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden; Center for Health & Medical Psychology, (CHAMP), School of Law, Psychology & Social Work: Psychology, Örebro University, Sweden. (Center for Health and Medical Psychology, CHAMP.)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3293-6391
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Health and Medical Psychology, CHAMP.)
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Health and Medical Psychology, CHAMP.)
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Health And Medical Psychology, CHAMP)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5359-0452
2014 (English)In: Women's health, ISSN 1745-5057, Vol. 10, no 6, 571-581 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: Among women under 30 years of age, around 20% report recurrent sexual pain. Although the amount of studies investigating sexual pain has increased, little is known about the role of psychosocial factors. The present study used the fear-avoidance model from musculoskeletal pain as a theoretical frame of reference, and examined fear-avoidance beliefs, avoidance behaviors, pain catastrophizing and symptoms of anxiety and depression among women (18-35 years) reporting sexual pain.

Methods: The study was cross-sectional, based on a sample of 133 women, where 37 women (27.8%) reported sexual pain often or always.

Results: Women with pain reported higher levels of fear avoidance and pain catastrophizing as well as depression and anxiety, with fear avoidance and pain catastrophizing reaching similar levels as has been reported in other long-term pain populations. The level of anxiety and depression did not reach clinical levels. Fear-avoidance beliefs and pain catastrophizing were related to sexual pain and to pain intensity in the regression analysis.

Conclusion: The data are in line with, and give further support to, a fear-avoidance perspective in female sexual pain, emphasizing the role of fear and avoidance of pain/sex.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 10, no 6, 571-581 p.
Keyword [en]
anxiety, depression, fear avoidance, pain catastrophizing, sexual pain, women
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41113DOI: 10.2217/whe.14.51PubMedID: 25482484Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84916641475OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-41113DiVA: diva2:779615
Available from: 2014-08-28 Created: 2015-01-13 Last updated: 2017-10-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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