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A psychological view of sexual pain among women: applying the fear-avoidance model
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för psykologi. (Center for Health And Medical Psychology, CHAMP)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3293-6391
Örebro University, School of Law, Psychology and Social Work. (Center for Health And Medical Psychology, CHAMP)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5359-0452
2013 (English)In: Women's Health, ISSN 1745-5057, Vol. 9, no 3, 251-263 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: The purpose of this paper is to examine how well research findings on dyspareunia (intercourse pain) fit the fear-avoidance (FA) model on pain.

Results: The evidence suggests that the experience of pain in dyspareunia functions similarly to the pain reported in other pain conditions. There are also accumulating data showing that the central mechanisms of the FA model, such as catastrophizing, fear, hypervigilance and disability, are central to the experience of sexual pain. However, there are also some potential differences between sexual pain and other pain conditions that demand further attention in terms of the role of the partner, specific emotional consequences of avoidance and the effect of hypervigilance on sexual arousal.

Conclusion: The results demonstrate the relevance of the FA model in sexual pain. They also imply that treatment methods for fear and avoidance in other pain conditions offer new avenues for treating sexual pain problems in the clinic. Future studies should focus on expanding how the mechanisms in the FA model contribute to sexual pain, as well as how treatments based on the model may be applied clinically.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 9, no 3, 251-263 p.
Keyword [en]
dyspareunia; fear avoidance; genital pain; psychosocial; sexual pain; women
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41111DOI: 10.2217/whe.13.19PubMedID: 23638781Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84877250791OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-41111DiVA: diva2:779630
Available from: 2014-08-28 Created: 2015-01-13 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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