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Neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage, individual wealth status and patterns of delivery care utilization in Nigeria: a multilevel discrete choice analysis.
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Centre for Health Technology Assessment, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7393-796X
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Women's Health, ISSN 1179-1411, E-ISSN 1179-1411, Vol. 3, p. 167-74Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: High maternal mortality continues to be a major public health problem in most part of the developing world, including Nigeria. Understanding the utilization pattern of maternal healthcare services has been accepted as an important factor for reducing maternal deaths. This study investigates the effect of neighborhood and individual socioeconomic position on the utilization of different forms of place of delivery among women of reproductive age in Nigeria.

Methods: A population-based multilevel discrete choice analysis was performed using the most recent population-based 2008 Nigerian Demographic and Health Surveys data of women aged between 15 and 49 years. The analysis was restricted to 15,162 ever-married women from 888 communities across the 36 states of the federation including the Federal Capital Territory of Abuja.

Results: The choice of place to deliver varies across the socioeconomic strata. The results of the multilevel discrete choice models indicate that with every other factor controlled for, the household wealth status, women's occupation, women's and partner's high level of education attainment, and possession of health insurance were associated with use of private and government health facilities for child birth relative to home delivery. The results also show that higher birth order and young maternal age were associated with use of home delivery. Living in a highly socioeconomic disadvantaged neighborhood is associated with home birth compared with the patronage of government health facilities. More specifically, the result revealed that choice of facility-based delivery is clustered around the neighborhoods.

Conclusion: Home delivery, which cuts across all socioeconomic strata, is a common practice among women in Nigeria. Initiatives that would encourage the appropriate use of healthcare facilities at little or no cost to the most disadvantaged should be accorded the utmost priority.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UK: Dove Medical Press Ltd. , 2011. Vol. 3, p. 167-74
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41012DOI: 10.2147/IJWH.S21783PubMedID: 21792338Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84055207460OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-41012DiVA, id: diva2:779849
Projects
Delivery care, maternal health services utilization, multilevel discrete choice, Nigeria, socioeconomic disadvantaged, neigborhood, health policyAvailable from: 2015-01-13 Created: 2015-01-12 Last updated: 2018-05-06Bibliographically approved

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Dalal, Koustuv

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