oru.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Economic Cost of pedestrian injuries in Stockholm City
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Tufts University, Boston, USA.
Örebro University, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden. Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Life Sciences, University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7393-796X
2014 (English)In: Health, ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 6, p. 2736-2742Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To conduct a cost analysis of pedestrian injuries at zebra crossings (marked lines only) in Stockholm city during 2008, and propose an intervention for reducing these incidents. Cost savings for the intervention are calculated and presented. Method: A Cost of Illness (COI) method was used to calculate the cost for pedestrian injuries at zebra crossings. Cost of Illness included direct and indirect costs and excluded intangible costs due to lack of data. Data and statistics from STRADA, PAR and calculations from MSB were used to perform the COI. Results: During 2008, 73 pedestrians were injured at zebra crossings in Stockholm city, amounting an estimated social cost of 10.8 million Swedish Krona (SEK) (severe injuries 9.2 million SEK, minor injuries 1.6 million SEK). The costs for reducing pedestrian injuries and related social burden via the proposed intervention (zebra crossings constructed alongside asphalt speed bumps with adjacent lights on both sides of the crossing) were estimated to be 250,000 SEK at roads without intersections, and 1.6 million SEK at roads with an intersection. Conclusion: Pedestrian injuries place a large financial burden on society each year. It is recommended to add speed bumps and adjacent lights to zebra crossings where most pedestrian injuries occur. The intervention would reduce pedestrian injuries and also decrease the cost for the society due to these injuries. Cost savings for the intervention depend on the kind of injury avoided and what kind of road the intervention is built on.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Irvine USA: Scientific Research Publishing, 2014. Vol. 6, p. 2736-2742
Keywords [en]
Pedestrian Injuries, Zebra Crossing, Speed Bump, Lights, Cost, Savings, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41195DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.619312OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-41195DiVA, id: diva2:779885
Available from: 2015-01-13 Created: 2015-01-13 Last updated: 2018-06-15Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Dalal, Koustuv

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Dalal, Koustuv
By organisation
School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Sweden
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and EpidemiologyHealth Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 363 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf