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Costs related to drowning and near drowning in northern Iran (Guilan province)
Division of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health Science, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
Division of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health Science, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7393-796X
Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Science, Iran.
Division of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health Science, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
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2011 (English)In: Ocean and Coastal Management, ISSN 0964-5691, Vol. 54, no 3, 250-255 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Iran and many other low- and middle-income countries, few  studies have been carried out in order to assess which cost analysis methods should be  undertaken at the household and community level in relation to incidences of drowning. In this study, we have attempted to develop a model for  estimating the impact of the economic burden that drowning and near drowning events incur for victims’ families in the Guilan province in the north of  Iran by  using an  incidence approach. During the financial year of March 2007 to 2008,  the following cost-related aspects of  drowning episodes were evaluated: (note: main cost elements were income adjusted by family and years) medical costs, productivity loss  costs and death costs. A total of 137 drowning fatalities and 104 near drowning incidents were recorded. Males in the age  span of  10e29  years constitute a  majority of  the epidemiology and economy data. When the number of variables included in cost analysis was expanded, the estimated burden of economic duress increased dramatically; however, drowning cost for  one drowned victim was equivalent to 17  times the country’s  gross domestic product(GDP) per capital. Identification of  injured person-based costs in  this study will  enable development of  more effective prevention programs and provide indicators of  other costs related to drowning episodes such as  property damage and the impact of  these accidents on community services and the public health care system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxon, UK: Elsevier, 2011. Vol. 54, no 3, 250-255 p.
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41307DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.12.004ISI: 000287436600006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-78751703704OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-41307DiVA: diva2:780295
Available from: 2015-01-14 Created: 2015-01-14 Last updated: 2015-02-27Bibliographically approved

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