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Use of initial risk assessment and recording as the main nursing intervention in identifying risk of falls
Centre of Caring Sciences, Lund University, Lund.
Örebro University, Department of Nursing and Caring Sciences.
Department of Internal Medicine, Malmö University Hospital, Malmö.
1999 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 145-52Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The consequences of falls among hospital patients are a great problem, for the patient, the family and society, and cost billions of dollars. In Sweden, almost one-third of all hip fractures occur in the hospital population. Despite this, very few prevention strategies have been developed and tested. In this study, a risk assessment and recording programme in relation to the risk of falling among patients in a geriatric department at a Swedish hospital was implemented. The records of all patients admitted to a geriatric unit during one year, and a stratified random sample of patient records, constituting the control group from the year before, were reviewed. No recording of assessments regarding the patients' risk of falling, and no preventive nursing interventions, were found in the records of the control group. The study group, however, increased the recording of risk assessment to 96%. Only implemented nursing interventions were found in the patients' records, despite the fact that Swedish law makes it obligatory for the registered nurse to record both the planning and implementation of nursing care. In the study group there were explicit descriptions of problems of concern for nursing regarding the patients' risk of falling in less than one-third of the records, the nursing care plans were rare, and the evaluations were not satisfactory. Nursing interventions consisted mostly of information or education, promotion of patient participation, and structuring of the environment. There was no agreement on any standard-care plan. Recording of falls was found more often in the study group than in the control group (probably due to more careful recording), but the proportion of injuries in relation to falls was higher in the control group. The results of this study may be used as a baseline for developing a nursing strategy and documentation relating to falls.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxon, United Kingdom: Blackwell Publishing, 1999. Vol. 29, no 1, p. 145-52
Keywords [en]
Risk of fall, fall injur y, risk assessment, nursing records, audit, review of record, nursing intervention
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41389DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2648.1999.00874.xISI: 000078672100038PubMedID: 10064293Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0032616254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-41389DiVA, id: diva2:780422
Available from: 2015-01-14 Created: 2015-01-14 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Ehnfors, Margareta

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