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How do women reason about choosing not to participate in population-based cervical cancer screening in Sweden
Örebro University, Department of Nursing and Caring Sciences. Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Nursing, Stockholm.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9209-5179
Karolinska Institutet, Dept of Nursing, Stockholm; Stockholms Sjukhem Foundation, Research & Development Unit, Stockholm.
Örebro University, Department of Nursing and Caring Sciences. Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm.
2005 (English)In: European Journal of Cancer Supplements, ISSN 1359-6349, Vol. 3, no 2, 451-451 p.Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim of the study is to investigate the manner in which women who choose not to participate in a population-based cervical cancer screening program (PCCSP) reason about their decision.

Method: All women between 23 and 60 years of age, residing in Stockholm county council receive an invitation from the regional Oncological Center (OC) to attend PCCSP at regular intervals. Women who actively contacted OC to report that they do not wish to participate in PCCSP were the subjects for the study. Data was collected through unstructured telephone interviews with 11 women and fax messages from 86 women. Data analysis is inspired by interpretive description.

Results: Preliminary analysis indicates that two salient themes are related to the division of responsibility for health maintenance between the individual and society, as well as the manner in which women described being able to 'know' one's own body. Descriptions include not wanting to know if one has cancer, previous negative experiences in relation to screening that led to feeling self-exposed and insulted, beliefs that a healthy lifestyle could protect one from cancer and a standpoint that the screening program represents undesired societal control of private issues. A relationship with one's own gynaecologist was described as important and as one reason for not attending PCCSE Reasoning was also influenced by conceptualizations of sexuality.

Conclusion: Cervical cancer screening can be viewed as a relatively simple routine check-up, but for the individual woman it may also involve a sensitive situation, with both the risk of a life-threatening sickness and an intimate physical examination. In order to improve PCCSP, it is important to highlight different perspectives on screening, and perspectives from women who have chosen not to attend are essential.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford, United Kingdom, 2005. Vol. 3, no 2, 451-451 p.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41606OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-41606DiVA: diva2:780698
Available from: 2015-01-14 Created: 2015-01-14 Last updated: 2015-04-15Bibliographically approved

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