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Effect of organic load on phosphorus and bacteria removal from wastewater using alkaline filter materials
Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden .ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2962-6587
Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden .
School of Business, Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University, Västerås, Sweden.
Department of Land and Water Resources Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden .
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2013 (English)In: Water Research, ISSN 0043-1354, E-ISSN 1879-2448, Vol. 47, no 16, p. 6289-6297Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The organic matter released from septic tanks can disturb the subsequent step in on-site wastewater treatment such as the innovative filters for phosphorus removal. This study investigated the effect of organic load on phosphorus (P) and bacteria removal by reactive filter materials under real-life treatment conditions. Two long-term column experiments were conducted at very short hydraulic residence times (average similar to 5.5 h), using wastewater with high (mean similar to 120 mg L-1) and low (mean similar to 20 mg L-1) BOD7 values. Two alkaline filter materials, the calcium-silicate material Polonite and blast furnace slag (BFS), were tested for the removal capacity of total P, total organic carbon (TOC) and Enterococci. Both experiments showed that Polonite removed P significantly ( p < 0.01) better than BFS. An increase in P removal efficiency of 29.3% was observed for the Polonite filter at the lower concentration of BOD7 ( p < 0.05). Polonite was also better than BFS with regard to removal of TOC, but there were no significant differences between the two filter materials with regard to removal of Enterococci. The reduction in Enterococci was greater in the experiment using wastewater with high BOD7, an effect attributable to the higher concentration of bacteria in that wastewater. Overall, the results demonstrate the importance of extensive pre-treatment of wastewater to achieve good phosphorus removal in reactive bed filters and prolonged filter life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 47, no 16, p. 6289-6297
Keywords [en]
Blast furnace slag, Calcium-silicate mineral, Column experiment, Enterococci, Total organic carbon
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Research subject
Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-41670DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2013.08.001ISI: 000326910000031PubMedID: 24001604Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84885371045OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-41670DiVA, id: diva2:780886
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasAvailable from: 2015-01-15 Created: 2015-01-15 Last updated: 2018-05-23Bibliographically approved

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