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Is fear of crime social and economic insecurity in disguise: a multilevel multinational analysis
Department of Developmental and Social Psychology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.
Department of Psychology, University of Torino, Turin, Italy.
Department of Psychology, University of Torino, Turin, Italy. (Youth & Society)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5214-9921
2013 (English)In: Journal of Community and Applied Social Phychology, ISSN 1052-9284, E-ISSN 1099-1298, Vol. 23, no 6, 519-535 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using the 2006 Eurobarometer data (representative sample of the European population, N=16306, 27 countries), we performed a multilevel analysis aimed at predicting fear of crime. A significant proportion of the variation in fear of crime was at country level. Of the individual predictors included, being a woman, being poorly educated, being unemployed, and being an urban dweller showed positive relations with fear of crime. Fear was highest among people who considered themselves to be socially marginal, among people with negative expectations regarding themselves and their country's future, and among people who considered their nation's welfare system to be unsatisfactory. Among the ecological predictors we took into consideration, nations' degree of economic inequality and low expenditure on education and on social protection showed a positive association with fear of crime, whereas the crime, immigration, and employment rates did not. Implications and limitations of this research are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 23, no 6, 519-535 p.
Keyword [en]
Economic insecurity; Fear of crime; Multilevel analysis; Social insecurity; Social marginality
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-42312DOI: 10.1002/casp.2150ISI: 000325686300006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84885835422OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-42312DiVA: diva2:784773
Available from: 2015-01-30 Created: 2015-01-30 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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