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Drainage varves, seismites and tsunamites in the Swedish Varve Chronology
2013 (English)In: GFF, ISSN 1103-5897, E-ISSN 2000-0863, Vol. 135, no 3-4, p. 308-315Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Swedish Varve Chronology initiated by De Geer, and revised and updated by several successors, offers the possibility to test the synchroneity of deformations and turbidites. There are many examples of synchronous deformations over wide areas. This calls for an explanation in terms of ground shaking by high-magnitude earthquakes. Several well-known varve events previously interpreted as drainage varves are shown here to be seismically induced marker-beds. Therefore they should be renamed as seismites. Some are, in fact, formed by tsunami waves, and should be termed tsunamites. By this, the Swedish Time Scale becomes a very useful archive for the identification and dating of palaeoseismic events.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 135, no 3-4, p. 308-315
Keyword [en]
varve chronology, drainage varves, earthquakes, seismites, tsunamites, turbidites
National Category
Geology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-42432DOI: 10.1080/11035897.2013.764546ISI: 000327571800010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-42432DiVA, id: diva2:786480
Available from: 2015-02-05 Created: 2015-02-05 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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