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The Neutrons for Science Facility at SPIRAL-2
CEA/DAM/DIF, F-91297, Arpajon, France; GANIL CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, BP 55027, F-14076 Caen Cedex 5, France.
CNRS, IN2P3, CENBG, UMR5797, F-33175 Gradignan, France.
NIPNE, Bucharest, Romania.
NIPNE, Bucharest, Romania.
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Number of Authors: 64
2014 (English)In: Nuclear Data Sheets, ISSN 0090-3752, E-ISSN 1095-9904, Vol. 119, E353-E356 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Neutrons For Science (NFS) facility is a component of SPIRAL-2 laboratory under construction at Caen (France). SPIRAL-2 is dedicated to the production of high intensity Radioactive Ions Beams (RIB). It is based on a high-power linear accelerator (LINAG) to accelerate deuterons beams in order to produce neutrons by breakup reactions on a C converter. These neutrons will induce fission in U-238 for production of radioactive isotopes. Additionally to the RIB production, the proton and deuteron beams delivered by the accelerator will be used in the NFS facility. NFS is composed of a pulsed neutron beam and irradiation stations for cross-section measurements and material studies. The beams delivered by the LINAG will allow producing intense neutron beams in the 100 keV - 40 MeV energy range with either a continuous or quasi-mono-energetic spectrum. At NFS available average fluxes will be up to 2 orders of magnitude higher than those of other existing time-of-flight facilities in the 1 MeV - 40 MeV range. NFS will be a very powerful tool for fundamental physics and application related research in support of the transmutation of nuclear waste, design of future fission and fusion reactors, nuclear medicine or test and development of new detectors. The facility and its characteristics are described, and several examples of the first potential experiments are presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 119, E353-E356 p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-43242DOI: 10.1016/j.nds.2014.08.097ISI: 000347706200095OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-43242DiVA: diva2:792141
Available from: 2015-03-03 Created: 2015-03-03 Last updated: 2015-03-03Bibliographically approved

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