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Different ways in which students handle chance encounters in the explorative setting of a dice game
Växjö universitet, Matematiska och systemtekniska institutionen.
2007 (English)In: Educational Studies in Mathematics, ISSN 0013-1954, E-ISSN 1573-0816, Vol. 66, no 3, p. 293-315Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to investigate the ways in which Swedish seventh grade students (12 and 13 years old) handle chance encounters. Four groups of students working in pairs participated in the study. In the group discussions, which were tape-recorded and fully transcribed, the students were encouraged to explore strategies for winning a specifically designed dice game based on the sum of two dice. The dice game included four different set-ups of dice designed to bring to the fore different aspects of probability modelling and to offer the student the opportunity to encounter small differences in the mathematical structure of the sample space and of the probability distribution between the four different set-ups. The study describes strategies that the students use when confronted with these different set-ups, what their activities imply in terms of resources in handling random phenomena and what the dice game offers in terms of opportunities for learning probability. In order to explain such meaning-making processes the students’ activities are viewed from a perspective that takes into consideration how the students’ understanding varies with their interpretations of the situation they are confronted with, i.e., how they contextualize the different set-ups of the dice game. The results show how the students, during the course of the game, reorganize their interpretations of the mathematical content confronting them, and how a variation of guiding principles becomes the object of exploration. Approaches of extremes and a number model are described as a means for the students to identify and assign probabilities for the total of two dice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2007. Vol. 66, no 3, p. 293-315
Keywords [en]
Chance encounters, Probability thinking, Contextualization, Resources, Strategies, Dice game
National Category
Other Mathematics
Research subject
Mathematics, Mathematical Education
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-43106DOI: 10.1007/s10649-006-9062-0Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34548497167OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-43106DiVA, id: diva2:794475
Available from: 2007-03-30 Created: 2015-02-28 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, Per

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf