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Gen(d)eralized Trust: Women, Work, and Trust in Strangers
Department of Sociology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4974-2956
2014 (English)In: European Sociological Review, ISSN 0266-7215, E-ISSN 1468-2672, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 373-386Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article deals with the question as to whether gender equality in labour force participation affects generalized trust. Following the seminal work of Rothstein and Uslaner, a first hypothesis maintains that gender employment equality positively impacts generalized trust. Based on insights from intergroup contact theory and the affect theory of social exchange, a second hypothesis argues that the relationship between gender employment equality and generalized trust holds only for women. Bayesian multilevel regression analysis based on cross-national survey data from the first five rounds of the European Social Survey (2002–2010) supports the latter hypothesis, showing that a country’s level of gender equality in labour force participation mediates the association between gender and generalized trust. In contrast, there is no evidence for a general impact of gender employment equality on trust in strangers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press , 2014. Vol. 30, no 3, p. 373-386
Keywords [en]
trust, gender, comparative, work, employment
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:oru:diva-44070DOI: 10.1093/esr/jcu049ISI: 000337977800008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84902176775OAI: oai:DiVA.org:oru-44070DiVA, id: diva2:800617
Available from: 2014-04-10 Created: 2015-04-07 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Mewes, Jan

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